Low Temperature Anisotropy of Manganese-Iron Ferrites

  • Wilfred Palmer
Conference paper


The anisotropy of the composition system Mn x Fe3−x O4, 0.40≤x≤1.80, has been measured between 4.2° and 77°K by the torque method, supplementing previous measurements on this system by Penoyer and Shafer between 77° and 313°K. The anisotropy curves for 0.4≤x≤1.25 show a minimum below 110°K and appear to be the summation of a number of components of different sign and different temperature dependence—negative components which decrease in magnitude relatively slowly with increasing temperature and positive components which decrease more rapidly. Over most of the composition range studied K 1 is negative at 4.2°K, but at x=0.80 the magnitude of the positive, low temperature contribution is sufficient to change the sign of K 1 from negative to positive at 34°K. In the region x≤1.0, this contribution can be attributed to the presence of Fe2+ ions, but such an explanation is not applicable to the positive contributions observed in compositions for which x≥1.25 and in which there is no Fe2+. For 1.25≤x≤1.80, negative values of K 1 at 4.2°K of unexpectedly large magnitude (< −3.7×105ergs/cm3) are observed. Unlike values at 77°K in this composition region, these values of K 1 are of too large a magnitude to be attributed to the splitting of the 3d levels of Fe3+ ions in a cubic crystalline field.


Manganese Concentration Positive Component Composition System Composition Region Crystalline Field 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    R. F. Penoyer and M. W. Shafer, J. Appl. Phys. 30, 315S (1959).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    R. F. Penoyer, Rev. Sci. Instr. 30, 711 (1959).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    J. M. Hastings and L. M. Corliss, Phys. Rev. 104, 328 (1956).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    K. Závëta, Czechoslov. J. Phys. 9, 748 (1959).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    A. H. Eschenfelder, J. Appl. Phys. 29, 378 (1958).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    J. B. Goodenough and A. L. Loeb, Phys. Rev. 98, 391 (1955).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Magnetic moment values for x>1.0 are significantly lower than would be expected from the substitution of Mn3+ with an effective moment of 4μB. However, this result can be attributed to a non-colinear spin arrangement on B sites [cf., V. L. Moruzzi, J. Appl. Phys. 32, 59S (1961)].ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    A microwave resonance determination of the anisotropy for the composition x=1.85 between 77° and 390°K has been made by J. Overmeyer J. Appl. Phys. 32, 142S (1961).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    J. C. Slonczewski, J. Appl. Phys. 32, 253S (1961).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1962

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wilfred Palmer
    • 1
  1. 1.IBM Research CenterYorktown HeightsUSA

Personalised recommendations