Self-Diffusion on Nearly Pure Metallic Surfaces

  • C. E. Birchenall
  • J. M. Williams
Conference paper
Part of the Fundamental Phenomena in the Materials Sciences book series (FPMS)

Abstract

This paper presents a discussion of the same topic covered by Shewmon,* rather argumentatively, because we often agree on the premises and differ on the conclusions. Fortunately, he has outlined very nicely the background of many of the topics that are discussed here. We shall repeat some of the results of others that he cited and add a few additional ones because it is our purpose to emphasize those things that are in disagreement. It is not our intention to present this topic as a closed case as he did, because we feel that the case is far from closed. Surface self-diffusion mechanisms are discussed first—a topic which Shewmon also considered.

Keywords

Entropy Titanium Nickel Anisotropy Enthalpy 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    N. A. Gjostein, Trans. Met. Soc. AIME 221: 1039 (1961).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    P. G. Shewmon and J. Y. Choi, Trans. Met. Soc. AIME 227: 515 (1963);Google Scholar
  3. 2a.
    J. Y. Choi and P. G. Shewmon, Trans. Met. Soc. AIME 224: 589 (1962).Google Scholar
  4. 3.
    J. P. Hirth and K. L. Moazed, “Nucleation Processes in Deposition onto Substrates,” in: Fundamental Phenomena in the Materials Sciences, Vol. 3, Plenum Press (New York), 1966, pp. 63–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 4.
    C. E. Birchenall, Trans. Met. Soc. AIME 227: 784 (1963).Google Scholar
  6. 5.
    E. W. Müller, in: Structure and Properties of Thin Films, C. A. Neugebauer, J. B. Newkirk, and D. A. Vermilyea (eds.), John Wiley & Sons (New York), 1959, p. 476.Google Scholar
  7. 6.
    R. O. Simmons and R. W. Balluffi, Phys. Rev. 117: 52 (1960); 119: 600(1960).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 7.
    G. C. Kuczynski, Trans. AIME 185: 169 (1949).Google Scholar
  9. 8.
    R. Udin, A. J. Shaler, and J. Wulff, Trans. AIME 185: 186 (1949);Google Scholar
  10. 8a.
    H. Udin, Trans. AIME 189: 63 (1951).Google Scholar
  11. 9.
    W. W. Mullins, J. Appl. Phys. 28: 333 (1957); 30: 77 (1959);CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 9a.
    W. W. Mullins, Trans. AIME 218: 354 (1960).Google Scholar
  13. 10.
    J. M. Blakely and H. Mykura, Acta Met. 9: 23 (1961).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 11.
    J. P. Barbour, F. M. Charbonnier, W. W. Dolan, W. P. Dyke, E. E. Martin, and J. K. Trolan, Phys. Rev. 117: 1452 (1960).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 12.
    R. A. Nickerson and E. R. Parker, Trans. ASM 42: 376 (1950).Google Scholar
  16. 13.
    W. C. Winegard and B. Chalmers, Can. J. Phys. 30: 422 (1952).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 14.
    N. Hackerman and N. Simpson, Trans. Faraday Soc. 52: 628 (1956).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 15.
    Ya. E. Geguzin and G. N. Kovalev, Soviet Phys. Solid State (English Transl.) 5: 1227 (1963).Google Scholar
  19. 16.
    Ya. E. Geguzin, G. N. Kovalev, and A. M. Ratner, Phys. Metals Metallog. (USSR) (English Transl.) 10: 45 (1960).Google Scholar
  20. 17.
    J. C. Fisher, J. Appl. Phys. 22: 74 (1951).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 18.
    R. T. P. Whipple, Phil. Mag. 45: 1225 (1954).Google Scholar
  22. 19.
    P. V. Pavlov and V. A. Panteleev, Soviet Phys. Solid State (English Transl.) 6: 955 (1964).Google Scholar
  23. 20.
    J. M. Blakely, Progr. Mater. Sci. 10: 395 (1963).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 21.
    P. G. Shewmon, J. Appl. Phys. 34: 755 (1963).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 22.
    H. Amar and J. B. Drew, J. Appl. Phys. 35: 533 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 23.
    J. M. Williams, unpublished research.Google Scholar
  27. 24.
    J. B. Drew and J. J. Pye, Trans. Met. Soc. AIME 227: 99 (1963).Google Scholar
  28. 25.
    F. J. Bradshaw, R. H. Brandon, and C. Wheeler, Acta Met. 12: 1057 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 26.
    Ya. E. Geguzin, G. N. Kovalev, and N. N. Ovcharenko, Soviet Phys. Solid State (English Transl.) 5: 2627 (1964).Google Scholar
  30. 27.
    J. M. Blakely, Trans. Faraday Soc. 57: 1164 (1961).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 28.
    J. J. Pye and J. B. Drew, Trans. Met. Soc. AIME 230: 1500 (1964).Google Scholar
  32. 29.
    B. E. Sundquist, Acta Met. 12: 67 and 585 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 30.
    J. B. Drew and J. J. Pye, private communication.Google Scholar
  34. 31.
    N. G. Ainslie, V. A. Phillips, and D. Turnbull, Acta Met. 8: 528 (1960).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 32.
    A. U. Seybolt, J. H. Westbrook, and D. Turnbull, Acta Met. 12: 1456 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 33.
    T. S. Lundy and T. L. Boswell and also R. E. Pawel and T. S. Lundy, presented at AIME, N. Y. meeting, Feb. 1964.Google Scholar
  37. 34.
    J. Y. Choi and P. G. Shewmon, Trans. Met. Soc. AIME 230: 123 (1964).Google Scholar
  38. 35.
    G. E. Rhead, Acta Met. 11: 1035 (1963).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 36.
    C. H. Li and E. R. Parker, unpublished research.Google Scholar
  40. 37.
    A. J. Melmed and R. Gomer, J. Chem. Phys. 34: 1802 (1961).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 38.
    E. Menzel, Z. Physik 132: 508 (1952).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 39.
    Ya. E. Geguzin and N. N. Ovcharenko, Soviet Phys. Doklady (English Transl.) 5: 155 (1960).Google Scholar
  43. 40.
    J. M. Blakely and H. Mykura, Acta Met. 11: 399 (1963).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 41.
    J. M. Blakely and H. Mykura, Acta Met. 10: 565 (1962).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 42.
    P. C. Bettler and F. M. Charbonnier, Phys. Rev. 119: 85 (1960).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 43.
    Kh. Noimann, E. Kloze, and I. L. Sokolskaya, Soviet Phys. Solid State (English Transl.) 6: 1369 (1964).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1966

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. E. Birchenall
    • 1
  • J. M. Williams
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringUniversity of DelawareNewarkUSA

Personalised recommendations