Effect of Surfaces on Mechanical Behavior of Metals

  • I. R. Kramer
Conference paper
Part of the Fundamental Phenomena in the Materials Sciences book series (FPMS)


That the surface has a pronounced effect on the mechanical behavior of metals is well established. In spite of this, surface effects are often ignored with the result that many of the explanations concerning plastic-flow phenomena are inadequate. In the following discussion, it will be shown that surface effects exert a remarkable influence on creep and fatigue, as well as on the general plastic-flow characteristics of metals. The change in mechanical behavior has been studied on specimens with oxide and metallic films, both when subjected to a vacuum or inert-gas environment and when the surface was being removed during the deformation. The mechanical behavior was also found to be influenced by nonpolar solutions containing surface-active molecules.


Fatigue Life Creep Rate Creep Behavior Metal Removal Critical Resolve Shear Stress 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1966

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. R. Kramer
    • 1
  1. 1.Martin CompanyBaltimoreUSA

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