Ex-stars and former greats are not the only ones who suffer as a result of noncontingent success experiences. As noted in our earlier analysis of the stress of success, personal beauty, ascribed status, connections with the “right” people, and so on, are often the sole determinants of the rewards an individual receives. Boss’s sons (daughters, etc.) and other relatives of rich or powerful people, to name but one group, are frequently the recipients of a host of positive outcomes for who they are, not what they do. In those instances when an individual does not actually earn the reinforcers he receives—regardless of why—he will likely experience the disruptive effects of noncontingent success.
KeywordsAlcohol Abuse Powerful People Contingent Success Success Feedback Throwing Dart
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