Getting Appropriate Educational Services

  • Irene Kessel
  • John T. O’Connor


Lead poisoning causes changes in the chemistry of the nervous system. These changes in turn affect the nerves and the communication between cells. This can result in detectable differences in the way the brain functions. Thinking, learning, memory, and the ability to focus attention can be adversely affected. The speed at which the muscles respond can be slowed. Hearing can be mildly impaired, as can the ability to listen and to speak. The sense of balance, as well as motor and hand-eye coordination, can be disturbed.


Special Service Head Start Learning Disability Blood Lead Level Lead Poisoning 
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  1. 1.
    World Health Organization, Environmental Health Criteria 165: Inorganic Lead (1995).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Section written in collaboration with Sandra Shaheen, Ph.D., Longwood Neuropsychology, Boston.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Section based on interviews with Karen Tewhey, Special Education/Mental Health Coordinator, ABCD Head Start, August 1996.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    20 U. S. Code, sec. 1400 et seq.; Public Law 94-142.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Robert Reid and Antonis Katsiyannis, “Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Section 504,” Remedial and Special Education 16 (1995): 45.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    29 U. S. Code, sec. 794, Public Law 93-112, § 504.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    The section on public school services was based in part on an interview with Audrey Seyffert, Administrator of Pupil Services, Natick (MA) Public Schools, 8 July 1996.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Irene Kessel and John T. O’Connor 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Irene Kessel
  • John T. O’Connor

There are no affiliations available

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