The three mutually exclusive categories described in the introduction, “Nazi,” “anti-Nazi,” or neither one nor the other, are equally problematic for scientific institutions. The Prussian Academy of Sciences (PAW), one of the first European academies of sciences, is one of the most notorious examples of a scientific institution going “Nazi.” But a debate over whether or not the PAW should be labeled “Nazi” obscures both how and why it was transformed into a willing tool of National Socialism.
KeywordsForeign Policy Civil Servant Full Member National Socialist State German Science
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