The Disease and the Cure

The Microscopic World of Bacteria and Antibiotics
  • Stuart B. Levy

Abstract

As we go about our everyday activities, we are continually interacting with free-living, single-cell microorganisms invisible to the naked eye. In 1674, a Dutch dry goods merchant, Anton van Leeuwenhoeck, first viewed tiny creatures, “wee animalcules,” moving under his hand-sized, homemade microscope. He reported and described his novel findings in letters and drawings, which he sent in 1676 to the Royal Society of London. His discovery opened our eyes and our minds to the existence of living matter that could not normally be seen by the eye. These microscopic beings made up an exotic, previously unimagined world that shared our environment.

Keywords

Arsenic Tuberculosis Diarrhea Streptomycin Meningitis 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

References Cited

  1. 1.
    Waksman, S. A. The microbiology of soil and the antibiotics. In: The Impact of the Antibiotics on Medicine and Society. (Galdston, I., Ed.) International Universities Press, Inc. New York, p. 3, 1958.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Cowen, D. L. and Segelman, A. B. Antibiotics in Historical Perspective. Merck Sharp and Dohme International, Rah way, NJ, 1981.Google Scholar

Bibliography Chapter 2

  1. Abraham, E. P., Chain, E., Fletcher, C. M. et al. Further observations on penicillin. The Lancet, pp. 177–188, August 16, 1941.Google Scholar
  2. Chain, E., Florey, H. W., Gardner, A. D. et al. Penicillin as a chemotherapeutic agent. The Lancet, pp. 226–228, August 24, 1940.Google Scholar
  3. Fleming, A. On the antibacterial action of cultures of a Penicillium, with special reference to their use in the isolation of B. influenzae. Brit. J. Exp. Path. 10:226–236, 1929.Google Scholar
  4. Fleming, A. (Ed.) Penicillin: Its Practical Application. Butterworths and Co. Ltd. London, 1946.Google Scholar
  5. Florey, H. W. The use of micro-organisms for therapeutic purposes. Brit. Med. J., pp. 635–642, November 10, 1945.Google Scholar
  6. Gray, G. W. Antibiosis. Scientific American, pp. 27–34, August, 1944. Life magazine, pp. 58–59, July 17, 1944.Google Scholar
  7. MacFarlane, G. Alexander Fleming. The Man and the Myth. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 1984.Google Scholar
  8. Moburg, C. L. and Cohn, Z. A. (Eds.) Launching the Antibiotic Era. The Rockefeller University Press, New York, 1990.Google Scholar
  9. Pasteur, L. La theorie des germes et ses applications à la medecine et à la chirugie. Oeuvres de Pasteur. C. R. Acad. Sci. LXXXVI, April 29, 1878.Google Scholar
  10. Sedillot, C., De l’influence des decouvertes de M. Pasteur sur les progres de la chirugie. C. R. Acad. Sci. LXXXVI, p. 634–640, 1878.Google Scholar
  11. Time magazine, pp. 61–68, May 15, 1944.Google Scholar
  12. Vuillemin, P. Antibiose et symbiose. C. R. Assoc. Fr. Acad. Sci. 2:525–543. Séance du 14 aout, 1889.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Stuart B. Levy 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stuart B. Levy

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations