Application of Klages’ Characterology to Psychiatry

  • Toyoji Akada


The appeal of Prof. Pauleikhoff, that we must get back the soul which has been lost in psychiatry since Griesinger, is very significant especially concerning the fact, that his appeal is connected closely with a general trend of our time. Ludwig Klages was warning against destroying the nature and losing the human soul, which are both going on hand in hand. As his psychology including his characterology is based on his philosophy of the life and its connection with the ego (life or biocentric philosophy), it is quite useful to apply this psychology to psychopathology or psychiatry. Klages himself made a great contribution to psychopathology with his theory of hysteria and psychopathia, and some psychiatrists made use of his psychological findings for their psychopathological study. In Japan 25 years ago Chidani and his collaborators analysed and reported symptoms of fugue, obsession and hysteria which appeared on the basis of endogenous depression, and also symptoms of children depression. Then he made a unique diagramm of manic-depressive disease applying fundamental notions of Klages’ characterology. In 1975 at the 1st meeting of the austrian-german-japanese society for psychiatry Shibata reported that in some cases of acute delusion of percecution a manic life process is the basis for this psychose. In 1980 at the 2nd meeting of that society I analysed a case in which such a delusion occured several times.


Driving Force Manic Energy Middle Stage Fundamental Notion Endogenous Depression 
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  1. 1.
    L. Klages, Vorschule der Charakterkunde, in:“Ludwig Klages Werke, Bd. 4,” Bouvier, Bonn (1976).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    ditto, Die Grundlagen der Charakterkunde. in:ditto.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    ditto, translated by W.H. Johnson, The Science of Character, George Allen & Unwin, London (1929).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Toyoji Akada
    • 1
  1. 1.Tokyo Women’s Medical CollegeShinjuku-ku, TokyoJapan

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