The Epidemiological Transition in Dental Occlusion in a North Indian Population

  • Samvit S. Kaul
  • Robert S. Corruccini

Abstract

One factor of interest in the epidemiology of malocclusion is the repeated finding that persons living in the rural areas of developed countries show better dental occlusion. Goose et al. showed in 1957 that West Midlands country youths had a lower prevalence of malocclusion. They suggested respiratory infections, early deciduous tooth loss, sucking habits, and age changes as possible mechanisms. Lavelle (1973) confirmed this trend among youths and their parents in central England. He also showed that the younger (presumably more urbanized) English were characterized by narrower maxillary arches. In Australia, Barnard (1956) reported that country dwellers were better occluded. Finally, Corruccini and Whitley (1981) showed that the middle-aged adults in a rural Kentucky community were very much better occluded than the youths and young adults, and that this was not merely a result of age differences. The younger subjects had been raised in a more urbanized environment, insofar as commercially purchased (rather than coarser home-produced) food was concerned.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Samvit S. Kaul
    • 2
  • Robert S. Corruccini
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologySouthern Illinois UniversityCarbondaleUSA
  2. 2.Department of AnthropologyPunjab UniversityChandigarhIndia

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