Ecology and Human Physiology in Ladak

  • S. L. Malik
  • Indera P. Singh


Situated at lat. 34°09′ and long. 77°34′, the Ladak Plateau is the most west-wardly region of the Indian subcontinent occupied by the Tibetan people. It is surrounded by China in the northeast and southeast, by Lahaul and Spiti in the south, and by Kashmir in the west. It consists of several snow-covered parallel mountain ranges running southeast to northwest. These ranges and the plateau support very scanty vegetation that is concentrated along the Indus River. This sacred river originates between the ranges of Kabas and Tibet and flows about 370 km before it reaches Leh, the capital of Ladak.


High Altitude Vital Capacity Maximal Voluntary Ventilation Ventilatory Capacity High Altitude Environment 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. L. Malik
    • 1
  • Indera P. Singh
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyUniversity of DelhiDelhiUSA

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