Reporting qualitative research

  • Janice M. Morse
  • Peggy Anne Field


The purpose of doing any research is to answer a question. The completed research should advance knowledge and therefore be of interest to the scientific community. As the questions to be answered in applied sciences are often derived from the clinical setting, the final phase of the research process is the application and evaluation of the research. Therefore, unless the results are written up and published, they cannot fulfil any useful purpose, and the effort in conducting the research is for nought. These issues are, of course, in addition to any personal gain that the researcher may have as a student, which is the completion of requirements for a degree or a personal contractual obligation to a funding agency that has supported the research. Besides, it is thrilling to be able to contribute in a small way to the development of knowledge: to provide information for teachers to teach, for researchers to build on, for clinicians to use and to improve patient care. This is only possible if the results are disseminated.


Qualitative Research Qualitative Finding Qualitative Researcher Conducting Research Quantitative Researcher 
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Further Reading

  1. Ely, M., Anzul, M., Friedman, T. et al. (1991) Doing Qualitative Research: Circles Within Circles, The Falmer Press, New York.Google Scholar
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  3. Lofland, J. (1974) Styles of reporting in qualitative field research. The American Sociologist, 9 101–11.Google Scholar
  4. Morse, J.M. (1994) Disseminating qualitative research, in Disseminating Primary Care Research, (ed. E. Dunn), Sage, Newbury Park, CA, pp. 59–75.Google Scholar
  5. Morse, J.M. (1993) The perfect manuscript. Qualitative Health Research, 3, 3–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Richardson, L. (1990) Writing Strategies: Reaching Diverse Audiences, Sage, Newbury Park, CA.Google Scholar
  7. Smedley, C. and Allen, M. (1993) Getting Your Book Published, Sage, Newbury Park, CA.Google Scholar
  8. van Manen, M. (1984) Practicing phenomenological writing. Phenomenology + Pedagogy, 1, 36–69.Google Scholar
  9. Williams, A. (1990) Reflections on the making of an ethnographic text. Studies in Sexual Politics, No. 29, The University of Manchester, Manchester, UK.Google Scholar
  10. Wolcott, H.F. (1990) Writing up Qualitative Research, Sage, Newbury Park, CA.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Janice M. Morse and Peggy Anne Field 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Janice M. Morse
    • 1
  • Peggy Anne Field
    • 2
  1. 1.School of NursingPennsylvania State UniversityUSA
  2. 2.Faculty of NursingUniversity of AlbertaCanada

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