Principles of data collection

  • Janice M. Morse
  • Peggy Anne Field


Qualitative research encompasses multiple data collection techniques. The major mode of data collection is generally interviewing, often combined with participant observation. Interviewing techniques vary in’ standardization’ from unstructured interviews or narratives to semi-structured (i.e. openended) interview schedules. Occasionally, the research design may include other approaches to supplement the interview data, such as structured questionnaires or psychometric tests, life histories, diaries, personal collections (letters, photographs), official documents and so forth.


Life History Participant Observation Work Role Interview Schedule Official Document 
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Copyright information

© Janice M. Morse and Peggy Anne Field 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Janice M. Morse
    • 1
  • Peggy Anne Field
    • 2
  1. 1.School of NursingPennsylvania State UniversityUSA
  2. 2.Faculty of NursingUniversity of AlbertaCanada

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