Counselling may be seen as a process whereby one person helps another to clarify her/his life situation and to decide upon future lines of action (Burnard, 1989). Counselling helps people constructively to resolve personal problem(s) that may be long-standing or acute. As Burnard (1989) says: The aim of counselling must be to free the person being counselled to live more fully and such fuller living comes through action ... [counselling] ... must seek to enable the client to become confident enough to choose a particular course of action and see it through’ (p. 2).
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