Rice pp 23-101 | Cite as

Genetics and Breeding

  • Te-Tzu Chang
  • Cheng-Chang Li

Abstract

The spectacular rise in rice production in the years following World War II, mainly in Asia, stemmed from expanded irrigation areas, the increased use of fertilizers, effective control of pests, double rice cropping, and the widespread adoption of improved genetic materials. The combined use of high-yielding varieties (HYVs) and nitrogen fertilizers has made possible the expression of high yield in irrigated areas. These two components have contributed about one-half of the increased rice production in southern and southeastern Asia since the late 1960s. Varieties of short growth duration that are insensitive to the photoperiod have allowed year-round planting and multiple cropping. During the same period, the United States tripled its rice production.

Keywords

Biomass Recombination Iodine Respiration Milling 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Te-Tzu Chang
    • 1
  • Cheng-Chang Li
    • 2
  1. 1.International Rice Research InstitutePhilippines
  2. 2.National Chung-Hsing UniversityTaiwan

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