Eco-Ethology of Mangroves

  • Richard G. Hartnoll
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 151)


The basic aim of this paper is to review aspects of the behaviour of mangrove animals, in order to see how they relate to the special characteristics of the mangrove environment. To accomplish this it is first necessary to outline some of the more relevant physico-chemical aspects of the mangrove environment, aspects to which the animals must adapt and react in order to exist in a quite stressful environment. It requires a better appreciation of the mangrove than the popular concept of it as a fetid malarial swamp, or as Berry (1972) more graphically depicted the Malaysian mangrove forest as “hot, dirty and infested with snakes and mosquitoes.”


Neap Tide Full Moon Fiddler Crab Mangrove Tree Mangrove Swamp 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard G. Hartnoll
    • 1
  1. 1.University of LiverpoolPort Erin, Isle of ManUK

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