Fundamental Aspects of Inert Gas Behaviour in Nuclear Fuels: Oxides, Carbides and Nitrides

  • Hj. Matzke
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSB, volume 279)

Abstract

Fundamental aspects (lattice location, interaction with lattice defects, diffusion, precipitation into bubbles, radiation induced re-solution, thermal solubility, grain boundary bubbles, their venting etc.) of the behaviour of inert gases in ceramic compounds of uranium (oxides, carbides and nitrides) are discussed. Emphasis is placed on heavy rare gases (Kr, Xe) and on UO2 for which most data and theoretical calculations exist. Both fission and ion implantation are used to produce or incorporate the gases in the ceramics. The experimental techniques for studying inert gas behaviour include release measurements, electron microscopy, damage and lattice location studies by Rutherford-backscattering/channeling, electron microprobe analysis etc. The resultant picture is rather complete for UO2, but important gaps still remain for carbides and nitrides.

Keywords

Migration Carbide Enthalpy Recombination Iodine 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hj. Matzke
    • 1
  1. 1.Commission of the European Communities, Joint Research CentreEuropean Institute for Transuranium ElementsKarlsruheFederal Republic of Germany

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