Biological vs. Psychological Perspectives on Anxiety Disorders
Maintaining a Cartesian duality between mind and body seems anachronistic in the modern world. No one believes any more that dream travel or apparent possession by an alien personality are valid evidence for the mind’s (or soul’s) independence from the body. Nowadays materialistically based investigations of the brain seek and find mechanisms underlying mental phenomena. Psychoanalysis and clinical cognitive psychology investigate the mental while affirming its bodily origin. Behaviorism does not deny that the subject of its investigation is a manifestation of neural processes, but in the interest of practicality tries to find lawfulness at intermediate levels, eschewing what is too mental just as much as what is too biologic. Only in the realm of religion does the distinction between personal consciousness and body remain popular since the consolation of the promise of immortality in face of corporeal decay and dissolution implies to many believers an eventually complete separation of mind from body.
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