Isolation, Characterization and Progress in Cloning of Cyclodiene Insecticide Resistance in Drosophila melanogaster
Insecticide resistance is an increasingly serious problem for the control of medically and agriculturally important pests. More than 447 species of arthropods have evolved resistance to one or more pesticides; some 17 species have shown resistance to all five major classes of insecticides often outstripping the rate at which new pesticides (or even non-pesticidal controls) can be introduced to replace them (Georghiou 1986). Insecticide resistance is also a dramatic example of adaptation at the molecular level. The majority of cases of practically significant resistance in the field are due to single major genes (Roush & McKenzie 1987, Roush and Daly 1990), that either increase the metabolism of pesticides or cause insensitivity in the target site (Soderlund &Bloomquist 1990).
KeywordsInsecticide Resistance Scintillation Vial Musca Domestica Mixed Function Oxidase Organophosphorus Insecticide
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