Advertisement

Criminal Actors: Natural Persons and Collectivities

  • Albert K. Cohen
Part of the Critical Issues in Social Justice book series (CISJ)

Abstract

This chapter deals with the theoretical issues that are raised by the fact that collectivities are actors and produce criminal and deviant acts. They are those actors to which individual human beings or “natural persons” are related as ‘‘members”; the members are seen to “belong to” the collectivities. Like other actors, collectivities have names and reputations. We love them, hate them, admire them, and resent them. They range from families and ball teams to nation-states. Some of the things they do are deviant. Some of the things some of them do are crimes. (Some of them cannot commit crimes for the same reason that some natural persons—e.g., idiots, infants, and the insane—cannot commit crimes: The law says they can’t, and crime is what the law says it is. The law can, of course, change its mind in these matters, and may be of a different mind in different jurisdictions.)

Keywords

Criminal Actor Structural Frame Natural Person Moral Attitude Criminal Sanction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Ames, W. (1981). Police and community in Japan. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  2. Brodeur, P. (1978, November 6). A reporter at large: The Mashpees. New Yorker, p. 62ff.Google Scholar
  3. Cohen, A. K. (1955). Delinquent boys: The culture of the gang. Glencoe, IL: Free Press.Google Scholar
  4. Cohen, A. K. (1988). An offense-centered approach to criminological theory. In Z. P. Separovic (Ed.), Victimology: International action and study of victims (Vol. 1) (Papers given at the Fifth International Symposium on Victimology, Zagreb, Yugoslavia, 1985).Google Scholar
  5. Coleman, J. S. (1974). Power and the structure of society. New York: Norton.Google Scholar
  6. Cullen, F. T., Maakestad, W. J., & Cavender, G. (1987). Corporate crime under attack: The Ford Pinto case and beyond. Cincinnati: Anderson.Google Scholar
  7. Ermann, M. D., & Lundman, R. J. (1982). Corporate deviance. New York: CBS College Publishing.Google Scholar
  8. Etzioni, A. (1961). A comparative analysis of complex organizations. New York: Free Press of Glencoe.Google Scholar
  9. Felson, R. B., & Steadman, H. J. (1983). Situational factors in disputes leading to criminal violence. Criminology, 21(1).Google Scholar
  10. Hepburn, J. R. (1973). Violent behavior in interpersonal relationships. Sociological Quarterly, 14(Summer), 419–429.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hirschi, T., & Gottfredson, M. (1987). Causes of white-collar crime. Criminology, 25, 949–974.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hochstedler, E. (Ed.). (1984). Corporations as criminals. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  13. Kemper, T. (1966). Representative roles and the legitimation of deviance. Social Problems, 13, 288–298.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Luckenbill, D. F. (1977). Criminal homicide as a situated transaction. Social Problems, 25, 176–186.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Maitland, F. W. (1936). Moral personality and legal personality. In H. D. Hazeltyne, G. Lapsley, & P. H. Winfield (Eds.), Selected essays (pp. 222–239). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Mann, K., Wheeler, S., & Sarat, A. (1980). Sentencing the white-collar offender. American Criminal Law Review, 17.Google Scholar
  17. Perez, J. (1978). Corporate criminality: A study of the 100 largest industrial corporations in the U.S.A. Doctoral dissertation, University of Pennsylvania.Google Scholar
  18. Rosenthal, A. M. (1964). Thirty-eight witnesses. New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  19. Schraeger, L. S., & Short, J. F., Jr. (1978). Toward a sociology of organizational crime. Social Problems, 25, 405–419.Google Scholar
  20. Shoham, S. G., Ben-David, S., & Rahav, G. (1974). Interaction in violence. Human Relations, 27(5), 417–430.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Stone, C. D. (1976). Where the law ends: The social control of corporate behavior. New York: Harper.Google Scholar
  22. Sutherland, E. H. (1949). White collar crime. New York: Dryden.Google Scholar
  23. Swigert, V. L., & Farteli, R. A. (1980–1981). Corporate homicide: Definitional processes in the creation of deviance. Law and Society Review, 15, 161–182.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Vaughan, D. (1983). Controlling unlawful organizational behavior: Social structure and corporate misconduct. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  25. Westin, A. F. (1981). Whistle-blowing: Loyalty and dissent in the corporation. New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  26. Wolfgang, M. E. (1958). Patterns in criminal homicide. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Albert K. Cohen
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of SociologyUniversity of ConnecticutStorrsUSA

Personalised recommendations