Factors Influencing the Virulence of Acinetobacter
Members of the genus Acinetobacter can frequently be isolated from healthy people and are also commonly present in soil and water as free-living saprophytes. In spite of an increasing number of reports that Acinetobacter induces respiratory and urinary tract infections and septicaemia (Bergogne-Bérézin et al., 1987), there have been few investigations of the nature of its pathogenicity. Although only one species, A. calcoaceticus, is described in the latest edition of Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology (Juni, 1984) the taxonomy of Acinetobacter has recently been extensively revised (Grimont and Bouvet, this volume). A. baumannii is now the most prevalent Acinetobacter species isolated from clinical specimens, but for historical reasons this review will refer to Acinetobacter without detailed consideration of individual species.
KeywordsToxicity Catheter Saccharide Hydrocarbon Polysaccharide
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