Careers, Industries, and Occupations

Industrial Segmentation Reconsidered
  • Jerry A. Jacobs
  • Ronald L. Breiger
Part of the Springer Studies in Work and Industry book series (SSWI)


Two strands of structuralism have become prominent in stratification research in recent years. The first is the focus on labor market structures as mediating contexts for the determination of socioeconomic rewards. Baron and Bielby have introduced the phrase “the new structuralism” in urging the centrality of organizations in the analysis of social stratification (Baron and Bielby, 1980; see also Kalleberg and Berg, 1987). They delineated a series of levels for structuralist analysis, ranging from the job to the firm to the industrial sector. At the most aggregated level of this continuum, researchers have identified economic sectors that influence the distribution of social rewards (Beck, Horan, and Tolbert, 1978; Berg, 1981; Bibb and Form, 1977; Tolbert, Horan, and Beck, 1980). Other important structural research has focused on the effects of local labor markets on the income determination process (Parcel and Mueller, 1983), the sex segregation of occupations (Jacobs, 1983a; Reskin, 1984; Rosenfeld, 1983), and demographic constraints on careers within corporate settings (Rosenbaum, 1984; Stewman and Konda, 1983). Two reviews summarize much of this structural research (Baron, 1984; Kalleberg and Sorenson, 1979).


Occupational Mobility Segmentation Model Industry Effect Major Industry Career Mobility 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jerry A. Jacobs
    • 1
  • Ronald L. Breiger
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of SociologyUniversity of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA
  2. 2.Department of SociologyCornell UniversityIthacaUSA

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