Advertisement

Abstract

On 1 January 1990, the population of Hungary was 10,357,000, 3.7 per cent less than ten years before. Of this total, 5–7 per cent were Gypsies, 2.3 per cent Germans, 1 per cent Slovaks, 0.9 per cent Southern Slays and 0.25 per cent Rumanians. Hungary was the first of the communist countries in Europe to witness a change of historic importance in the political system, when it was agreed peacefully at a “national round table” in 1989 that six parliamentary bills of primary importance had to be prepared, namely an amendment to the Constitution, the establishment of a Constitutional Court, a bill to permit political parties, a bill for the holding of a general election, and a bill to make fundamental changes to the Criminal Code. In the 1990 election, six parties gained seats in the new National Assembly. In 1994, the number of parties represented rose to 18. Political parties are in a state of flux, and are tied only weakly to the layers of Hungarian society. Nonetheless, legislation has been enacted which affects the functioning and funding of adult education, and further changes are under consideration.

Keywords

Local Government Vocational Training Trade Union Adult Education Vocational School 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. A Magyar Köztarsasag Kormanyanak programja (Programme of the Government of the Hungarian Republic). 1994. Magyar Hírlap (Budapest), 18 July: 1–16.Google Scholar
  2. A Szociâlis Törvény helyi alkalmazâsa (Local adaptation of the Social Care Act). 1993. Budapest: Önkormanyzati Módszertani Füzetek, Polisz BT.Google Scholar
  3. Andorka, Rudolf. 1993. Social structure 1991–1992 [in English]. In Political Yearbook of Hungary 1993 (1–12). Budapest: Demokrâcia Kutatâsok Magyar Központja Alapítvâny.Google Scholar
  4. Benedek, Andras (ed.) 1993. Szakképzés Magyarorszagón (Vocational training in Hungary). Budapest: Ministry of Education and Culture.Google Scholar
  5. Bihari, Mihaly. 1994. Politika és partrendszer (Political system and party system). In Political Yearbook of Hungary 1994 (235–241). Budapest: Demokrâcia Kutatâsok Magyar Központja Alapítvâny.Google Scholar
  6. Bihari, Mihaly. 1993. Rendszervâltíis és hatalomvâltâs Magyarorszâgon 1989–1990 (System change and power change in Hungary 1989–1990 ). Budapest: Püski Kiadó.Google Scholar
  7. Bíró, Zoltan. 1993. Elhervadt forradalom (Withered revolution). Budapest: Püski Kiadó.Google Scholar
  8. Bodané Palok, Judit-Cseresznyés and Janos-Vankosné Timar, Eva. 1994. A kisebbségek jogai Magyarorszâgon (Rights of minorities in Hungary). Budapest: Közgazdasagiés Jogi Kiadó.Google Scholar
  9. Csoma, Gyula. 1983. Az iskolai felnöttokatatas szerepvaltasa (The change in the role of adult education in school). Andragógia (Budapest) 1.Google Scholar
  10. David, Laszló and Bagics, Lajos (eds.) 1994. Törvénygyüjtemény — Oktatâs, Képzés, Folglakortatâs, Onkormânyzat (Collection of Acts. Education, Training, Employment, Local Government). Budapest: Nemzeti Szakképési Intézet.Google Scholar
  11. Diczhazi, Bertalan. 1994. Tények és adatok a magyar privatizacióról 1993 (Facts and data on Hungarian privatization 1993). In Political Yearbook of Hungary 1994 (241–284). Budapest: Demokrâcia Kutatâsok Magyar Központja Alapítvâny.Google Scholar
  12. Egyed, Albert. 1993. Nemzeti és etnikai kisebbségek Magyarorszâgon (National and ethnic minorities in Hungary). In Political Yearbook of Hungary 1993 (293–303). Budapest: Demokrâcia Kutatâsok Magyar Központja Alapítvâny.Google Scholar
  13. Forró, Emöke; Harangi, Laszló and Mihalyfi, Marta. 1994. A Magyar Népföiskolai Târsasâg nemzetközi konferenciâi és tovâbbképzési programjai 1993-ban (The international conferences and training programmes of the Hungarian Folk High School Society in 1993 ). Budapest: Hungarian Folk High School Society.Google Scholar
  14. Harangi, Laszló and Sz. Tóth, Janos. 1992. A szabadmüvelödés, felnöttoktatâs helyzetének és perspektivâjânak âttekintése Magyarorszâgon (A survey of the prospects and state of public education, adult education in Hungary). Budapest: Hungarian Folk High School Society.Google Scholar
  15. Harangi, Lâszló and Sz. Tóth, Janos. 1993. Gipsy Folk High School in Hungary. Adult Education and Development 40: 261–272.Google Scholar
  16. Harangi, Lâszló and Sz. Tóth, Janos. 1990. Gipsy question in Hungary. In Ethnic minorities: conflicts and cooperation. Detroit: Michigan State University.Google Scholar
  17. Harsânyi, Istvân (ed.) 1992. Népföiskola tegnap, ma, holnap (Folk High School yesterday, today, tomorrow). Budapest: Püski Kiadó.Google Scholar
  18. Hungarian Folk High School Society. 1993. Hungarian-German cooperation for the new Europe. Common programmes organized by the Hungarian Folk High School Society and the German Folk High School Society 1990–1992. Budapest: ( Hungarian Folk High School Society ).Google Scholar
  19. Innovâcíó a közmüvelödésben. A közmüvelödés fejlödésének tendencidi az 1980—as évek Magyarorszdgân (Innovation in education. Trends in educational development in the 1980s in Hungary). 1989. Budapest: Orszagos Közmküvelödési Intézet.Google Scholar
  20. Jagasics, Béla. 1994. Népföiskola és önkormcínyzat (Folk High Schools and local government). Budapest: ( Hungarian Folk High School Society).Google Scholar
  21. Jeney, Lajos. 1987. Educational buildings in Hungary [in English]. Budapest: 00ktti.Google Scholar
  22. Koltai, Dénes (ed.) 1992. Felnöttképzés az ezredforduló vilkgcíban (Adult training in the changing world at the turn of the century). Pécs: JPT University Department of Adult Education.Google Scholar
  23. Kovacs, Balint. 1994. Protestâns népföiskolai mozgalom 1936–1948 (Protestant Folk High School Movement in Hungary 1936–1948 ). Budapest: MNT-Püski.Google Scholar
  24. Kovacs, Sândor; Kovalcsik, József and Kovâts, Flórian (eds.) 1992. Dokumentumok, vitairatok és vélemények egy müvelödesi törvény elökészítéséhez (Documents, opinions, treatises for the preparation of an adult education act. Budapest: Ministry of Education and Culture.Google Scholar
  25. Kukorelli, Istvân. 1991. Pârtok, civil tarsadalom a Parlamenten kívül (Parties, civil society outside parliament). In Political Yearbook of Hungary 1991 (187–193). Budapest: Demokrâcia Kutatâsok Magyar Központja Alapítivâny.Google Scholar
  26. Kurtan, Sândor and Vas, Lâzzló. 1991. A Magyar Köztarsasag politikai rendszere (Political system of the Hungarian Republic). In Political Yearbook of Hungary 1991 (415–425). Budapest: Demokrâcia Kutatasok Magyar Központja Alapítvany.Google Scholar
  27. Magyarorszdg (Hungary) 1993–1994 [first quarter]. 1994. Budapest: Központi Statisztikai Hivatal (Central Board of Statistics).Google Scholar
  28. Maróti, Andor. 1993. The system of adult education in Hungary. Convergence 26 (3): 19–39.Google Scholar
  29. Maróti, Andor. 1992. A fordulat esélye a felnöttek tanulcísí ban és müvelödésében (the chance of change in adult learning and public education). Budapest: TIT Szövetségi Iroda.Google Scholar
  30. Milhâly, Otto (ed.) 1990. Felnöttképzés (Adult training). Budapest: Orszâgos Pedagógia Intézet.Google Scholar
  31. Ministry of Education and Culture. 1992. Koncepció a szakképés fejlesztésére (Concept for the development of vocational training). Budapest: Ministry of Education and Culture.Google Scholar
  32. II Müvelödés (Statistical Information of the Ministry of Education and Culture). Budapest: Ministry of Education and Culture.Google Scholar
  33. Pozsgay, Imre. 1993. 1989 Politikus pc lya a pdrtdllamban és a rendszervc ltksban (1989 — Political career in the party state and system change). Budapest: Püski Kiadó.Google Scholar
  34. Roemer, Milton I. 1994. Recent Health System Development in Poland and Hungary. Journal of Community Health 19 (3).Google Scholar
  35. Sârközy, Tamâs. 1994. A non-profit szektor és az érdekképviseletek jogi helyzetének alakulâsa 1993-ban (Change of legal state of interest representation in the non-profit sector). In Political Yearbook of Hungary 1994 (178–187). Budapest: Demokrâcia Kutatâsok Magyar Központja Alapítvâny.Google Scholar
  36. Striker, Sândor. 1994. A müvelödési otthonokról (On cultural centres). Budapest: Ministry of Education and Culture.Google Scholar
  37. Striker, Sâdor. 1994. Legislative framework and future trends pertaining to adult education and public education system of administration [interview in English]. Budapest: Ministry of Education and Culture — Hungarian Folk High School Society.Google Scholar
  38. Sz. Tóth, Janos. 1993. A magyar müveltség esélyei. Müvelödésszociológiai, történeti, népföiskolai tanulmdnyok (The chance for Hungarian culture. Studies in educational sociology, history, Folk High Schools). Budapest: Püski Kiadó.Google Scholar
  39. Szép, Szófia (ed.) 1994. A szakképés helyzete 1993/94 tanév (State of vocational training 1993/94). Budapest: Ministry of Education and Culture.Google Scholar
  40. Szocic lis stratégiai tervezés (Social strategy plan). 1993. Budapest: Onkormânyzati Módszertani Füzetek, Polisz BT.Google Scholar
  41. Temcsényi, Lâzsló. 1993. Kis kézikönyv az Altaldnos Müvelödési Központokról (Small manual on educational complexes). Budapest: OKT-Mikszâth Kiadó.Google Scholar
  42. Útmutató az összevont müvelödési intézményekról szóló 3011989.X1.19 MM rendelet alkalmazâsâhoz (Guideline for the adaptation of Ministry of Education decree 30/1989/XI.19 on educational complexes.) 1991. UAMK Módszertani Fütezek.Google Scholar
  43. Verebélyi, Imre. 1993. A magyar közigazgatâs modernizâciója (Modernization of Hungarian administration). In Political Yearbook of Hungary 1993 (80–86). Budapest: Demokrâcia Kutatâsok Magyar Központja Alapítvâny.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • László Harangi
  • János Sz. Tóth

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations