There is an increasing amount of evidence to suggest that diet may play a role in the aetiology of cancer and it is estimated that an average of 35% of all cancers may be attributable to diet (Bingham, 1990). The possible association between diet and breast cancer has been the subject of particular attention, interest and research. Early experiments showed that high fat diets were an effective means of promoting tumour growth in animals with chemically-induced mammary tumours. Total energy intake also appeared to influence tumour growth, with high energy intakes causing tumour promotion. The effects of fat and energy intakes appear to be separate (Schatzkin et al., 1989).
KeywordsCholesterol Sugar Permeability Obesity Toxicity
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Bingham, S. (1990) Diet and Cancer Briefing Paper, Health Education Authority and Department of Health, London.Google Scholar
- Clodius, L. (1977) Secondary Arm Lymphoedema, in (1977) Lymphoedema (ed. L. Clodius), Thienne, Stuttgart, p. 151.Google Scholar
- Harvey, E.B., Schairer, C., Brinton, L.A. et al. (1987) Alcohol consumption and breast cancer. Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 28(4), 657–61.Google Scholar
- Hiatt, R.A. (1990) Alcohol consumption and breast cancer. Medical Oncology and Tumour Pharmacotherapy, 7(213), 143–51.Google Scholar
- Kelsey, J.L., Fischer, D.B., Holford, T.R. et al. (1981) Exogenous oestrogens and other factors in epidemiology of breast cancer. NHCI, 67, 327–33.Google Scholar
- Lubin, F., Ruder, A.M., Wax, Y. and Modan, B. (1985) Overweight and changes in weight throughout adult life in breast cancer aetiology. Am. J. Epid., 122, 579–88.Google Scholar
- MacDonald, I. (1948) Resection of the axillary vein in radical mastectomy: its relation to the mechanism of lymphoedema. Cancer, November, 618–22.Google Scholar
- Medical Research Council Scottish Trials Office (1987) Adjuvant tamoxifen in the management of operable breast cancer; the Scottish trial. Lancet, 25 July, 171–5.Google Scholar
- Mirabile, V., Placucci, P., Mazzoleni, C. et al. (1992) Preliminary results of diet- therapy. Progress in Lymphology, XIII, 559–60, Ed. R.V. Cluzan, A.P. Pecking, F.M. Lokiec, Pub. Excerpta Medica, London.Google Scholar
- National Advisory Committee on Nutrition Education (1983) Proposals for Nutritional Guidelines for Health Education in Britain, Health Education Council, London.Google Scholar
- Rose, D.P. and Connolly, J.M. (1990) Dietary prevention of breast cancer. Med. Oncology and Tumour Pharmacotherapy, 1, 121–30.Google Scholar