Basic principles and considerations

  • Philip Burnard
Part of the Therapy in Practice book series (TPS)


In order to function effectively as a counseller, it is necessary to consider some principles that can enhance or detract from the relationship. First, it may be useful to look at what may be considered the ideal counselling relationship. Fiedler, in 1950 asked a wide variety of counsellors what they considered to be the ingredients of an ideal therapeutic relationship. The list that was generated by his research included:
  1. 1.

    an empathic relationship

  2. 2.

    the therapist and patient relate well

  3. 3.

    the therapist sticks closely to the patient’s problems

  4. 4.

    the patient feels free to say what he likes

  5. 5.

    an atmosphere of mutual trust and confidence exists

  6. 6.

    rapport is excellent



Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Philip Burnard 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Philip Burnard
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Wales College of MedicineUK

Personalised recommendations