This problem is commonly referred to as ‘stress incontinence’. This term does have its drawbacks, however, not least that the stress which is referred to has no connection whatsoever with emotional stress. It refers solely to a rise in intra-abdominal pressure which results from some form of physical stress or exertion. This confusion is not restricted to members of the general public and it is not uncommon for both qualified and student nurses to associate the term with anxiety-provoking events.


Pelvic Floor Exercise Programme Pelvic Floor Muscle Stress Incontinence Anterior Vaginal Wall 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References and Further Reading

  1. Bates, C., Bradley, W., Glen, E. et al. (1975) First Report of the Standardisation of Terminology of Lower Urinary Tract Function. Scandinavian Journal of Urology and Nephrology (1977), 11, 193–6.Google Scholar
  2. Gordon, H. and Logue, M. (1985) Perineal muscle function after childbirth. The Lancet, July, 2(8447), 123–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Jonasson, A., Larsson, B. and Pschera, H. (1989) Testing and Training of the pelvic floor muscles after childbirth. Acta. Obstet. Gynecol. Scand., 68, 301–304.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Laycock, J. (1987) Graded exercises for the pelvic floor muscles in the treatment of urinary incontinence. Physiotherapy, 73, 371–3.Google Scholar
  5. Norton, C. (1986) Nursing for Continence, Beaconsfield Press, Beaconsfield.Google Scholar
  6. Peattie, A. and Plevnik, S. (1988) Cones versus physiotherapy as conservative management of genuine stress incontinence. Proceedings International Continence Society, 7(3).Google Scholar
  7. Plevnik, S. (1985) New method for testing and strengthening of pelvic floor muscles. Proceedings International Continence Society (London), 267–8.Google Scholar
  8. Sleep, J. and Grant, A. (1987) Pelvic floor exercises in post-natal care. Midwifery, 3, 158–64.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Thomas, T., Plymat, K., Blannin, J. and Meade, T. (1980) Prevalence of urinary incontinence. British Medical Journal, 281, 1243–5.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© David Colborn 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Colborn
    • 1
  1. 1.The Nightingale InstituteGuy’s HospitalLondonUK

Personalised recommendations