Principles of Solidification Strengthening and Processing
In almost all metals and alloys, as well as in many semiconductors, composites, ceramics, and polymers, the material at one point in its processing is a liquid. The liquid solidifies as it cools below its freezing temperature. The material may be used in the as-solidified condition or may be further processed by mechanical working or heat treatment. The structures produced during solidification affect mechanical properties and influence the type of further processing needed. In particular, grain size and shape may be controlled by solidification.
KeywordsClay Titanium Porosity Nickel Phosphorus
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