Macromolecules pp 755-799 | Cite as


  • Hans-Georg Elias


Copolymers can be produced in very different ways: they can be produced from a single monomer or a single homopolymer, from two or more monomers or from a polymer and one or more monomers. But the term copolymerization is only used when the starting material consists of at least two different reaction partners.


Free Radical Copolymerization Methyl Methacrylate Maleic Anhydride Vinyl Ether Vinyl Acetate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. T. J. Alfrey, J. J. Bohrer, and H. Mark, Copolymerization, Interscience, New York, 1952.Google Scholar
  2. G. E. Ham, (ed.), Copolymerization, Interscience, New York, 1964.Google Scholar
  3. R. A. Patsiga, Copolymerization of vinyl monomers with ring compounds, J. Macromol. Sci. C (Rev. Macromol. Chem.) 1, 223 (1967).Google Scholar
  4. J. E. Herz and V. Stannett, Copolymerization in the crystalline solid state, Macromol. Rev. 3, 1 (1968).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. P. W. Tidwell and G. A. Mortimer, Science of determining copolymerization reactivity ratios, J. Macromol. Sci. C (Rev. Macromol. Chem.) 4, 281 (1970).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. A. Valvassori and G. Sartori, Present status of the multicopolymerization theory, Adv. Polym. Sci. 5, 28 (1967/ 1968 ).Google Scholar
  7. D. Braun, W. Brendlein, G. Disselhoff, and F. Quella, Computer Program for the calculation of ternary azeotropes, J. Macromol. Sci. (Chem.) A9, 1457–1462 (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. S. Iwatsuki and Y. Yamashita, Radical alternating copolymerizations, Prog. Polym. Sci. Japan 2, 1 (1971).Google Scholar
  9. J. Furukawa, Alternating copolymers of diolefins and olefinic compounds, Prog. Polym. Sci. Japan 5, 1 (1973).Google Scholar
  10. H. Hirai, Mechanism of alternating copolymerization of acrylic monomers in the presence of Lewis acid, J. Polym. Sci. (Macromol. Revs.) 11, 47–91 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. T. Saegusa, S. Kobayashi, and Y. Kimura, No catalyst copolymerization by spontaneous initiation mechanism, Pure App!. Chem. 48, 307–315 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. T. Saegusa, Spontaneously occurring alternating copolymerization via zwitterion intermediaries, Anger. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 16, 826 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. A. Rudin, Calculation of monomer reactivity ratios from multicomponent copolymerization results, Comput. Chem. Instr. 6, 117 (1977).Google Scholar
  14. J. Furukawa and E. Kobayashi, Alternating copolymerization, Rubber Chem. Technol. 51, 600 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Y. Yamashita, Random and block copolymers by ring-opening polymerization, Adv. Polym. Sci. 28, 1 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Y. Shirota and H. Mikawa, Thermally and photochemically induced charge-transfer polymerizations, J. Macromol. Sci.—Rev. Macromol. Chem. C16, 129 (1977–1978).Google Scholar
  17. J. M. Pearson, S. R. Turner, and A. Ledwith, The nature and applications of charge-transfer phenomena in polymers and related systems, in Molecular Association:Including Molecular Complexes, Vol. 2, R. Foster (ed.), Academic Press, New York, 1979.Google Scholar
  18. P. Wittmer, Kinetics of copolymerization, Makromol. Chem., Suppl. 3, 129 (1979).Google Scholar
  19. K. Ptochoka, Effect of the reaction medium on radical copolymerization, J. Macromol. Sci.-Rev. Macromol. Chem. C 20, 67 (1981).Google Scholar
  20. S. M. Samoilov, Propylene radical copolymerization, J. Macromol. Sci.-Rev. Macromol. Chem. C 20, 333 (1981).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hans-Georg Elias
    • 1
  1. 1.Michigan Molecular InstituteMidlandUSA

Personalised recommendations