Advertisement

Abstract

I am a 44-year old autistic woman who has a successful international career designing livestock equipment. I completed my Ph.D. in Animal Science at the University of Illinois in Urbana and I am now an Assistant Professor of Animal Science at Colorado State University. Early intervention at age 21/2 helped me overcome my handicap.

Keywords

Autistic Child Tactile Stimulation Vestibular Stimulation Loud Noise Infantile Autism 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Ayres, J. A. (1979). Sensory integration and the child. Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services.Google Scholar
  2. Bauman, M. (1989). The anatomy of autism. In Conference Proceedings, Autism Society of America (pp. 10–12). Washington, DC: Autism Society of America.Google Scholar
  3. Bauman, M., & Kemper, T. L. (1985). Histoanatomic observations of the brain in early infantile autism. Neurology, 35, 866–874.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bemporad, J. R. (1979). Adult recollections of a formerly autistic child. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 9, 179–197.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bhatara, V., Clark, D. L., Arnold, L. E., Gunsett, R., & Smeltzer, D. J. (1981). Hyperkinesis treated with vestibular stimulation: An exploratory study. Biological Psychiatry, 61, 269–279.Google Scholar
  6. Biklen, D. Communication unbound: Autism and praxis. Harvard Educational Review, 60, 291-314.Google Scholar
  7. Casier, L. (1965). Effects of extra tactile stimulation on a group of institutionalized infants. Genetic Psychology Monographs, 71, 137–175.Google Scholar
  8. Chambers, W. W. (1947). Electrical stimulation of the interior cerebellum of the cat. American Journal of Anatomy, 80, 55–93.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Condon, W. S. (1985). Sound-film microanalysis: A means of correlating brain and behavior. In F. Duffy & N. Geschwind (Eds.), Dyslexia: A neuroscientific approach to clinical evaluation. Boston: Little, Brown.Google Scholar
  10. Condon, W., & Sander, L. (1974). Neonate movement is synchronized with adult speech. Science, 183, 99–101.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Courchesne, E. (1989). Implications of recent neurobiologic findings in autism. In Conference Proceedings, Autism Society of America (pp. 8–9). Washington, DC: Autism Society of America.Google Scholar
  12. Courchesne, E., Courchesne-Yeung, R., Press, G. A., Hesselink, J. R., & Jernigan, T. L. (1988). Hypoplasia of cerebellar vermal lobules VI and VII in autism. New England Journal of Medicine, 318, 1349–1354.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Crispino, L., & Bullock, T. H. (1984). Cerebellum mediates modality-specific modulation of sensory responses of midbrain and forebrain in rats. Proceedings, National Academy of Science-Neurobiology, 81, 2917–2920.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Denenberg, V. H., Morton, J. R., Kline, N. J., & Grota, L. J. (1962). Effects of duration of infantile stimulation upon emotionality. Canadian Journal of Psychology, 16(1), 72–76.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Ehrlich, A. (1959). Effects of past experience on exploratory behavior in rats. Canadian Journal of Psychology, 13(4), 248–254.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Einstein, A., & Einstein, M. W. (1987). The collected papers of Albert Einstein (A. Beck & P. Havens, Trans.). Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  17. Farah, M. J. (1989). The neural basis of mental imagery. Trends in Neuroscience, 12, 395–399.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Gillberg, G., & Schaumann, H. (1981). Infantile autism and puberty. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 11, 365–371.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Grandin, T. (1980). Observations of cattle behavior applied to the design of cattle handling facilities. Applied Animal Ethology, 6, 19–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Grandin, T. (1983). Letters to the editor: “Coping strategies.” Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 13, 217–221.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Grandin, T. (1984). My experiences as an autistic child. Journal of Orthomolecular Psychiatry, 13, 144–174.Google Scholar
  22. Grandin, T. (1987). Animal handling. In E. O. Price (Ed.), Farm animal behavior, veterinary clinics of North America (Vol. 3, pp. 323–338). Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders.Google Scholar
  23. Grandin, T. (1989). Effect of rearing environment and environmental enrichment on the behavior and neural development of young pigs. Doctoral dissertation, University of Illinois.Google Scholar
  24. Grandin, T., & Scariano, M. (1986). Emergence: Labelled autistic. Novato, CA: Arena.Google Scholar
  25. Grandin, T., Dodman, N., & Shuster, L. (1989). Effect of naltrexone on relaxation induced by lateral flank pressure in pigs. Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior, 33.Google Scholar
  26. Holton, G. (1971–1972). On trying to understand scientific genius. American Scholar, 41, 102.Google Scholar
  27. Hutt, S. J., Hutt, C., Lee, D., & Ounsted, C. (1965). A behavioral and electroencephalographic study of autistic children. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 3, 181–197.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Kanner, L. (1971). Follow-up study of eleven autistic children originally reported in 1943. Journal of Autism and Childhood Schizophrenia, 1, 112–145.Google Scholar
  29. Kumazawa, T. (1963). Deactivation of the rabbit’s brain by pressure application to the skin. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurology, 15, 660–671.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Lepscky, I. (1982). Albert Einstein. New York: Barrons.Google Scholar
  31. McCray, G. M. (1978). Excessive masturbation in childhood: A symptom of tactile deprivation. Pediatrics, 62, 277–279.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. McGimsey, J. F., & Favell, J. E. (1988). The effects of increased physical exercise on disruptive behavior in retarded persons. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 18, 167–179.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Melzack, R., & Burns, S. K. (1965). Neurophysiological effects of early sensory restriction. Experimental Neurology, 13, 163–175.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Melzack, R., Konrad, K. W., & Dubrobsky, B. (1969). Prolonged changes in the central nervous system produced by somatic and reticular stimulation. Experimental Neurology, 25, 416–428.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Miller, A., & Miller, E. E. (1971). Symbol accentuation, single-track functioning and early reading. American Journal of Mental Deficiency, 76, 110–117.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. Newson, E., Dawson, M., & Everard, P. (1982). The natural history of able autistic people: Their management and functioning in a social context. Nottingham, England: University of Nottingham Child Development Unit.Google Scholar
  37. Ornitz, E. (1985). Neurophysiology of infantile autism. Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry, 24, 251–262.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Park, D., & Youderian, P. (1974). Light and number: Ordering principles in the world of an autistic child. Journal of Autism and Childhood Schizophrenia, 4, 313–323.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Powers, M. D., & Thorworth, C. A. (1985). The effect of negative reinforcement on tolerance of physical contact in a preschool autistic child. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 14, 299–303.Google Scholar
  40. Ratey, J. J., Mikkelsen, E., Sorgi, P., Zuckerman, S., Polakoff, S., Bemporad, J., Bick, P., & Kadish, W. (1987). Autism: The treatment of aggressive behaviors. Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 7, 35–41.Google Scholar
  41. Ray, T. C., King, L. J., & Grandin, T. (1988). The effectiveness of self-initiated vestibular stimulation in producing speech sounds in an autistic child. Journal of Occupational Therapy Research, 8, 186–190.Google Scholar
  42. Rekate, H. L., Grubb, R. L., Aram, D. M., Hahn, J. F., & Ratcheson, R. A. (1985). Muteness of cerebellar origin. Archives of Neurology, 42, 697–698.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Rimland, G., & Fein, D. (1988). Special talents of autistic savants. In L. K. Obler & D. Fein (Eds.), The exceptional brain. New York: Guilford.Google Scholar
  44. Ritvoe, E., Freeman, B. J., Scheibel, A. B., Duong, T., Robinson, H., Guthrie, D., & Ritvoe, A. (1986). Lower Purkinje cell counts in the cerebella of four autistic subjects. American Journal of Psychiatry, 143, 862–866.Google Scholar
  45. Rumsey, J. M., Duara, R., Grady, C., Rapoport, J. L., Margolin, R. A., Rapoport, S. I., & Cutler, N. R. (1985). Brain metabolism in autism. Archives of General Psychiatry, 42, 448–455.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Schopler, H. R. (1965). Early infantile autism and the receptor process. Archives of General Psychiatry, 13, 327–337.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Seifel, L. (1977). Nadia: A case of extraordinary drawing ability in an autistic child. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  48. Sheehan, D. V., Beh, M. B., Ballenger, J., & Jacobsen, G. (1980). Treatment of endogenous anxiety with phobic, hysterical and hyperchondriacal symptoms. Archives of General Psychiatry, 37, 51–59.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Simons, D., & Land, P. (1987). Early tactile stimulation influences organization of somatic sensory cortex. Nature, 326, 694–697.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Simons, J., & Sabine, O. (1987). The hidden child. Kensington, MD: Woodbine House.Google Scholar
  51. Takagi, K., & Kobagasi, S. (1956). Skin pressure reflex. Acta Medica et Biologica, 4, 31–37.Google Scholar
  52. Treffert, D. A. (1989). Extraordinary people: Understanding the savant syndrome. Ballantine Books, New York.Google Scholar
  53. Volkmar, F. R., & Cohen, D. J. (1985). The experience of infantile autism: A first person account by Tony W. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 15, 47–54.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Walters, R. G., & Walters, W. E. (1980). Decreasing self-stimulatory behavior with physical exercise in a group of autistic boys. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 10, 379–387.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. White, G. B., & White, M. S. (1987). Autism from the inside. Medical Hypothesis, 24, 223–229.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Temple Grandin
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Animal ScienceColorado State UniversityFort CollinsUSA

Personalised recommendations