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Topology of Condensed Matter

  • Michael Monastyrsky

Abstract

The branches once called solid-state physics and now called condensed-state physics cover, for example, the crystals, para- and ferromagnets. However, materials can, given a change of conditions (pressure, temperature), transform into a completely different state of matter (e.g., liquid, plasma, etc.). Therefore, another terminology which more accurately reflects their properties is now being adopted. A more detailed classification separates physical systems into ordered and disordered media. The former includes liquid crystals, superfluid liquids, and other media naturally described by an order parameter while disordered systems constitute a comparatively new class. They include spin glasses, amorphous bodies, polymers, etc.

Keywords

Liquid Crystal Homotopy Class Topological Charge Line Singularity Klein Surface 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Monastyrsky
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Theoretical and Experimental PhysicsMoscowRussia

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