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Surface Characterization of Polymer Substrates, Flexographic Printing Plates and Dried Ink Films Printed with Water-Based Ink Systems

  • Dhirendra Kumar

Abstract

The wettability and adhesion of the coating and printing films on the polymer substrates depend on the surface properties of the formulation ingredients and polymer surface. In addition, the transfer of ink from flexographic printing plates to substrates depends on the surface properties of the printing plate, water-based ink and polymer substrate. Among several surface properties such as surface composition, surface roughness, surface tension/surface energies and surface defects, the surface energies: polar, nonpolar and total energies of the dried coating films, flexographic printing plates and polymer substrates were determined by measuring contact angles of water and methylene iodide. These results were used to understand the ink transfer from printing plates to substrates during flexographic printing process, and ink spreading, wetting as well as ink adhesion behavior of the coatings and inks on the polymer substrates. The data indicates that for good ink transfer and adhesion to occur, the surface energy of the water-based ink should be lower than that of the printing plates and substrates.

Keywords

Contact Angle Surface Energy Polymer Film Polymer Substrate Dynamic Surface Tension 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dhirendra Kumar
    • 1
  1. 1.Chemistry DepartmentLunglei Government CollegeLungleiIndia

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