Data potentially relevant to cognitive science are of two radically different kinds. On the one hand are those facts about ourselves that we would be lying to deny: the facts of our own conscious experience. We know at first hand what it is like to be a cognitive agent. We bear witness to these facts in first-person statements: I see-this-as-brighter; I hear-a-car-coming; I feel-a-pain-in-my-tooth; I know-(or believe)-it-is-Tuesday; I am-trying-to-decide-on-a-holiday-spot; and so on. Let us call these, collectively, the I story, where I stands for the first personal pronoun, or, if you like, for inside. We may usefully imagine them as set out in a (very long!) column on one side of an imaginary blackboard (Figure 1).


Sensory Input Cognitive Science Cognitive Mechanism Conscious Experience Cognitive Agency 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Buber, M. Between man and man. London: Fontana, 1961.Google Scholar
  2. Buber, M. I and thou. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1937.Google Scholar
  3. Craik, K. J. W. The nature of explanation. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1943.Google Scholar
  4. Gibson, J. J. The perception of the visual world. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1950.Google Scholar
  5. Gibson J. J. The senses considered as perceptual systems. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1966.Google Scholar
  6. Hammond, P. Directional tuning of complex cells in area 17 of the feline visual cortex. Journal of Physiology, 1978, 285, 479–491.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Hammond, P., & MacKay, D. M. Differential responses of cat visual cortical cells to textured stimuli. Experimental Brain Research, 1975, 22, 427–430.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hammond, P., & MacKay, D. M. Differential responsiveness of simple and complex cells in cat striate cortex to visual texture. Experimental Brain Research, 1977,30, 275–296. Google Scholar
  9. Hammond, P., & MacKay, D. M. Modulation of simple cell activity incat by moving textured backgrounds. Journal of Physiology, 1978, 284, 117 P.Google Scholar
  10. Hammond, P., & MacKay, D. M. Modulatory influences of moving textured backgrounds on responsiveness of simple cells in feline striate cortex. Journal of Physiology, 1981, 319, 431–442.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. MacKay, D. M. Mindlike behavior in artefacts. British Journal of the Philosophy of Science, 1951, 2, 105–12l.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. MacKay, D. M. Mentality in machines. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society Supplement, 1952, 26, 61–86.Google Scholar
  13. MacKay, D. M. Generators of information. In W. Jackson (Ed.), Communication theory. London: Butterworths, 1953.Google Scholar
  14. MacKay, D. M. On comparing the brain with machines. The Advancement of Science, March 1954,40, 402–406. (Also available in American Scientist, 1954,42, 261–268; and Annual Report of Smithsonian Institute, 1954,231–240.)Google Scholar
  15. MacKay, D. M. The place of "meaning" in the theory of information. In E. C. Cherry (Ed.),lnformation theory. London: Butterworths, 1956.(a)Google Scholar
  16. MacKay, D. M. Towards an information·flow model of human behavior. British Journal of Psychology, 1956, 47, 30–43. (Reprinted in W. Buckley (Ed.), Modern systems research for the behavioral scientist. Chicago: Aldine, 1968).(b)Google Scholar
  17. MacKay, D. M. Complementarity, II. Aristotelian Society Supplement, 1958, 32, 105–122.Google Scholar
  18. MacKay, D. M. Operational aspects of intellect. In Mechanization of thought processes. (National Physical Laboratory Symposium No. 10, 1958 ). London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1959, pp. 37–52.Google Scholar
  19. MacKay, D. M. On the logical indeterminacy of a free choice. Minti, 1960, 69, 31–40.Google Scholar
  20. MacKay, D. M. Interactive processes in visual perception. In W. A. Rosenblith (Ed.), Sensory communication. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press; New York: Wiley, 1961.Google Scholar
  21. MacKay, D. M. Self-organization in the time domain. In M. C. Yovits, G. T. Jacobi, & G. D. Goldstein (Eds.), Self-organizing systems 1962. Washington, D.C.: Spartan Books, 1962.Google Scholar
  22. MacKay, D. M. Psychophysics of perceived intensity: A theoretical basis for Fechner's and Stevens's Laws. Science, 1963, 139, 1213–1216.Google Scholar
  23. MacKay, D. M. Communication and meaning-A functional approach. In F. S. C. Northrop & H. Livingston (Eds.), Cross-cultural understanding " Epistemology in anthropology. New York: Harper & Row, 1964.Google Scholar
  24. MacKay, D. M. Cerebral organization and the conscious control of action. In J. C. Eccles (Ed.), Brain anti conscious experience. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1966.Google Scholar
  25. MacKay, D. M. The mechanization of normative behavior. In Lee Thayer (Ed.), Communication: Theory anti research. Springfield, Ill.,: Charles C Thomas, 1967.(a)Google Scholar
  26. MacKay, D. M. Ways of looking at perception. In W. Wathen-Dunn (Ed.), Models for the perception of speech and visual form. Boston: MIT Press, 1967.(b)Google Scholar
  27. MacKay, D. M. Information, mechanism and meaning. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1969.Google Scholar
  28. MacKay, D. M. Digits and analogues. In H. E. von Gierke, W. D. Keidel, & H. L. Oestreicher (Eds.), Principles and practice of bionics. Siough, England: Technivision, 1970. ( Proceedings of AGARD Symposium on Bionics, 1968, Brussels.)(a )Google Scholar
  29. MacKay, D. M. Perception and brain function. In F. O. Schmitt (Ed.-in-chief, The neurosciences: Second study program. New York: RockefeIler University Press, 1970.(b)Google Scholar
  30. MacKay, D. M. The human touch. In O. J. Grüsser & R. Klinke (Eds.), Panem Recognition in Biological and Technical Systems. Berlin, Heidelberg, New York: Springer, 1971.(a)Google Scholar
  31. MacKay, D. M. Scientific beliefs about oneself. In G. N. A. Vesey (Ed.), The proper study, Vol. 4, Royal Institute of Philosophy Lectures. London: Macmillan, 1971.(b)Google Scholar
  32. MacKay, D. M. Voluntary eye movements as questions. In J. Dichgans & E. Bizzi (Eds.), Cerebral control of eye movements and perception of motion in space. Basel: Karger, Bibliotheca Opthalmologica, 1972, 82, 369–376.Google Scholar
  33. MacKay, D. M. The mechanics of tacit knowing. I.E.E.E. Transactions on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, SMC-4, 1974, No. 1, 94–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. MacKay, D. M. The dynamics of perception. In P. A. Buser & A. Rougeul-Buser (Eds.), Cerebralcorrelates of conscious experience. The Netherlands: Elsevier, 1978.(a)Google Scholar
  35. MacKay, D. M. Selves and brains. Neuroscience, 1978, 3, 599. (b)Google Scholar
  36. MacKay, D. M. What determines my choice? In P. A. Buser & A. Rougeul-Buser (Eds.), Cerebral correlates of conscious experience. The Netherlands: Elsevier, 1978.(c)Google Scholar
  37. MacKay, D. M. Conscious agency with unsplit and split brains. In B. D. Josephson & V. S. Ramaehandran (Eds.), Consciousness and the physical world. Oxford: Pergamon, 1980.Google Scholar
  38. MaeKay, D. M. Neural basis of cognitive experience. In G. Szekely, E. Labos, & S. Damjanovieh (Eds.), Neural communication and control. Advances in Physiological Sciences, Vol. 30. Oxford: Pergamon; Budapest: Akademia Kiado, 1981.Google Scholar
  39. MacKay, D. M. What kind of neural image? Freiburger Universitärsblaner, 1982, 74, 67–72.Google Scholar
  40. Polanyi, M. Personal knowledge: Towards a post-crirical philosophy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1958.Google Scholar
  41. Popper, K. R., & Eccles, J. C. The self and its brain: an argument for interactionism. New York: SpringerVerlagGoogle Scholar
  42. Puccetti, R. Brain bisection and personal identity. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, 1973, 24, 339–355.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Rakie, P. Local circuit neurons. Neurosciences Research Program Bulletin, 1975, 13, 291–446.Google Scholar
  44. Shannon, C. E. The mathematical theory of communication. Bell System Technical Journal, 1948, 27, 379–423, 623–656.Google Scholar
  45. Shannon, C. E. Prediction and entropy of printed English. Bell System Technical Journal, 195 1, 30, 50–64.Google Scholar
  46. Vickers, G. The psychology of policy making and social change. British Journal of Psychiatry, 1964, 110, 465–477.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Donald M. MacKay
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Communication and NeuroscienceUniversity of KeeleStaffordshireEngland

Personalised recommendations