Time and Frequency Standards

  • Pierre Cerez
Chapter
Part of the NATO Advanced Science Institutes Series book series (NSSB, volume 98)

Abstract

In this lecture, we shall:
  • give the principle of operation, specify the characteristics and present the most serious limitations to the performances of the most common encountered atomic frequency standards (AFS),

  • describe a few systems which are under study and which appear to be promising,

  • mention some new ideas for fundamental improvement of the performances of AFS: one possible scheme for a future high performance microwave (or optical) AFS is based on stored ions. This proposal incorporate the laser cooling and laser optical pumping technique.

Keywords

Burning Quartz Microwave Tral Geophysics 

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Bibliography

Basic review articles

  1. •.
    C. Audoin and J. Vanier. “Review article. Atomic Frequency Standards and Clocks”. Journal of Phys. E — Scientific Instruments Vol. 9, pp. 697–720 (1976)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. •.
    D.J. Wineland. “Limitation on Long Term Stability and Accuracy in Atomic Clocks”. Proceedings of the PTTI, Washington D.C. (Dec. 1980)Google Scholar

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pierre Cerez
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire de l’Horloge AtomiqueUniversité Paris-SudOrsay CedexFrance

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