Introduction to Organometallic Chemistry

  • Florian P. Pruchnik
  • Stan A. Duraj
Part of the Modern Inorganic Chemistry book series (MICE)


Organometallic compounds are those in which there is a metal-carbon bond. According to this definition, in the case of transition metals, this group of compounds includes not only metal carbonyls, olefin complexes, cyclopentadienyl, and other Π-complexes, but also cyanide and fulminate compounds. Certain difficulties arise in defining the metal of the main group elements. Usually, organometallic compounds are comprised not only of compounds of typical metals, but also of metalloids such as boron, silicon, phosphorus, arsenic, selenium, etc. In compounds of metals as well as in those of metalloids, the bond is generally polarized as follows: M δ+ - C δ-. Consequently, the metal or metalloid atom will be susceptible to nucleophilic attack while the carbon atom will be susceptible to electrophilic attack. In all other compounds (e.g., with oxygen, nitrogen, fluorine, chlorine, bromine, etc.), the polarity of the element-carbon bond is opposite.


Valence Electron Central Atom Organometallic Compound High Oxidation State Ionic Character 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Florian P. Pruchnik
    • 1
  • Stan A. Duraj
    • 2
  1. 1.University of WroclawWroclawPoland
  2. 2.Cleveland State UniversityClevelandUSA

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