Introduction to Organometallic Chemistry

  • Florian P. Pruchnik
  • Stan A. Duraj
Chapter
Part of the Modern Inorganic Chemistry book series (MICE)

Abstract

Organometallic compounds are those in which there is a metal-carbon bond. According to this definition, in the case of transition metals, this group of compounds includes not only metal carbonyls, olefin complexes, cyclopentadienyl, and other Π-complexes, but also cyanide and fulminate compounds. Certain difficulties arise in defining the metal of the main group elements. Usually, organometallic compounds are comprised not only of compounds of typical metals, but also of metalloids such as boron, silicon, phosphorus, arsenic, selenium, etc. In compounds of metals as well as in those of metalloids, the bond is generally polarized as follows: M δ+ - C δ-. Consequently, the metal or metalloid atom will be susceptible to nucleophilic attack while the carbon atom will be susceptible to electrophilic attack. In all other compounds (e.g., with oxygen, nitrogen, fluorine, chlorine, bromine, etc.), the polarity of the element-carbon bond is opposite.

Keywords

Arsenic Boron Selenium Cyanide Fluorine 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    M. L. H. Green and P. Powell, Comprehensive Inorganic Chemistry (J. C. Bailar, Jr., ed.), Vol. 1, p. 1295, Pergamon Press, Oxford (1973).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    R. B. King, Transition Metal Organometallic Chemistry, Academic Press, New York (1969).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    G. E. Coates, M. L. H. Green, and K. Wade, Organometallic Compounds, Vols. 1 and 2, Methuen, London (1968).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    D. A. Boczwar, et al., Metody Elementoorganicheskoy Khimii, Vols. 1 and 2, Izd. Nauka, Moscow (1975).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    A. N. Niesmiejanow, et al., Metody Elementoorganicheskoy Khimii, Vols. 1 and 2, Izd. Nauka, Moscow (1974).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    S. P. Gubin, et al., Metody Elementoorganicheskoy Khimii, Izd. Nauka, Moscow (1976).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    C. S. G. Phillips and R. J. P. Williams, Inorganic Chemistry, Oxford University Press, Oxford (1966).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    J. P. Oliver, Adv. Organomet. Chem., 15, 235 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    D. M. P. Mingos, Adv. Organomet. Chem., 15, 1 (1977).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    E. M. Szustorowicz, Khimicheskaya Svyaz, Izd. Nauka, Moscow (1973).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    J. B. Bersuker, Elektronnoye Stroyenye i Svoystva Koordinacyonnykh Soyedinyeniy, Khimia, Leningradskoye Otdelenie (1976).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    F. A. Cotton and G. Wilkinson, Basic Inorganic Chemistry, Wiley, New York (1976);Google Scholar
  13. 12a.
    F. A. Cotton and G. Wilkinson, Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, 4th ed., Wiley, New York (1980).Google Scholar
  14. 13.
    L. Pajdowski, Chemia ogolna, PWN, Warsaw (1981).Google Scholar
  15. 14.
    M. E. O’Neil and K. Wade, Comprehensive Organometallic Chemistry (G. Wilkinson, F. G. A. Stone, and E. W. Abel, eds.), Vol. 1, Chapter 1, Pergamon, Oxford (1982).Google Scholar
  16. 15.
    W. Kutzelnigg, Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. Engl., 23, 272 (1984).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 16.
    C. M. Lukehart, Fundamental Transition Metal Organometallic Chemistry, Brooks/Cole Publishing Company, Monterey (1985).Google Scholar
  18. 17.
    S. P. Gubin and G. B. Szulpin, Khimia Kompleksov so Svazyami Metall-uglerod, Nauka, Sibirskoye Otdelenie, Novosibirsk (1984).Google Scholar
  19. 18.
    F. Basolo and R. G. Pearson, Mechanisms of Inorganic Reactions, Wiley, New York (1967).Google Scholar
  20. 19.
    M. L. Tobe, Inorganic Reaction Mechanisms, Thomas Nelson & Sons Ltd., London (1972).Google Scholar
  21. 20.
    A. Bielanski, Chemia nieorganiczna, PWN, Warsaw (1982).Google Scholar
  22. 21.
    V. Gutmann, Coord. Chem. Rev., 18, 225 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 22.
    E. Cesarotti, R. Ugo, and L. Kaplan, Coord. Chem. Rev., 43, 275 (1982).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 23.
    C. A. Tolman, Chem. Soc. Rev., 1, 337 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 24.
    F. A. Cotton, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 90, 6230 (1968).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Florian P. Pruchnik
    • 1
  • Stan A. Duraj
    • 2
  1. 1.University of WroclawWroclawPoland
  2. 2.Cleveland State UniversityClevelandUSA

Personalised recommendations