Role of Electrostatics in Adhesion

  • Dan A. Hays


The phenomenon of adhesion is the attraction of one material to another in either a gaseous or liquid medium. There are many mechanisms which can contribute to the adhesion between materials. The discussion in this chapter is limited to adhesion mechanisms due to electrostatic forces between dissimilar solid materials in a gaseous medium. The effect of electrostatic forces on adhesion is widely known and observed not only today but as early as 500 BC when the Greeks attracted pieces of straw to amber that had been charged by rubbing with another material. In spite of early observations and the ubiquitous nature of adhesion and triboelectric charging between materials, our present understanding is not satisfactory. Our understanding of electrostatic attraction is satisfactory when materials are separated. But when the materials are in intimate contact, the importance of electrostatic effects relative to other adhesion mechanisms becomes uncertain.


Charge Exchange High Occupied Molecular Orbital Lower Unoccupied Molecular Orbital Electrostatic Force Adhesive Force 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dan A. Hays
    • 1
  1. 1.Webster Research CenterXerox CorporationWebsterUSA

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