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Nonisothermal Mass Transport of Organic Aqueous Solution in Hydrophobic Porous Membrane

  • Z. Honda
  • H. Komada
  • K. Okamoto
  • M. Kai

Abstract

Membrane separation by the use of temperature difference as a driving force has been studied by many investigators. It is divided into four categories by the type of membranes employed:
  1. 1)

    thermoosmosis by dense membranes[1],

     
  2. 2)

    thermodialysis by porous membranes filled with solution[2],

     
  3. 3)

    membrane distillation by hydrophobic porous membranes filled with vapor[3],

     
  4. 4)

    thermopervaporation by dense membrane[4].

     

We investigated nonisothermal transport of various organic aqueous solutions and pure water by membrane distillation. In this paper the mechanism of transport of organic aqueous solutions and that of water flux are discussed.

Keywords

Water Flux Porous Membrane Membrane Distillation Pure Water Flux Dense Membrane 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

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    R. P. Rastogi and K. Singh, Trans Faraday Soc., 62:1764 (1966).Google Scholar
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    P. Aptel, N. Challard, J. Cunny and J. Neel, J.Membr.Sci., 1:271 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    A. Katchalsky and P. F. Curran, “Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics in Biophysics,” Harvard University Press, Cambridge (1965).Google Scholar
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    D. E. Gray, “American Institute of Physics Handbook,” McGraw-Hill, New York, (1957).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Z. Honda
    • 1
  • H. Komada
    • 1
  • K. Okamoto
    • 1
  • M. Kai
    • 1
  1. 1.Research CenterDaicel Chemical Industries Ltd.Aboshi-ku, HimejiJapan

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