The Gene pp 93-143 | Cite as

The 5 S Ribosomal and Other Small RNAs

  • Lawrence S. Dillon


The second large category of substances transcribed in eukaryotes by DNA-dependent RNA polymerase III, in spite of the vast literature embracing it, is not nearly so satisfactory for discussions of gene structure as are the tRNA genes. Not that there is any paucity of sequencing studies; quite to the contrary, 5 S rRNA primary structures are probably more abundantly established than any other single species of macromolecule. More than 36 have been determined from eubacterial sources, 8 from archaebacterial ones, nearly 125 from eukaryotic cytoplasm, and 7 from eukaryotic organelles (Erdmann et al., 1984). Their lack of favorableness stems from two factors. The first of these, the cotranscription in prokaryotes of 5 S rRNA genes with the minor and major rRNA species, restricts the effectiveness of the comparative approach to transcription promoters nearly entirely to eukaryotes. The second factor is that, despite the numerous sequence studies, the genes of 5 S rRNAs remain relatively poorly explored, for the great majority of research has focused on the structure of the transcription product, not upon the gene itself.


Small RNAs tRNA Gene Internal Promoter Nucleotide Residue Dyad Symmetry 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lawrence S. Dillon
    • 1
  1. 1.Texas A&M UniversityCollege StationUSA

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