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Abstract

A review of historical aspects of blindness, as well as societal perspectives toward and treatment of the blind, reveals an erratic course over the ages (see Kirtley 1975; Lowenfeld, 1976). In prehistoric societies, the blind and other disabled individuals were considered liabilities. This was largely due to limitations imposed by such disorders in carrying out activities (e. g., hunting, building shelter) requisite to survival. Later, in Greek and Roman civilizations, laws permitted killing of blind infants because they were considered a burden to the state. Although many famous blind scholars, philosophers, and poets (e. g, Homer) lived during this period, most had acquired the handicap later in life.

Keywords

Visual Impairment Handicapped Child Handicapped Person Handicapped Individual Blind Child 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lori A. Sisson
    • 1
  • Vincent B. Van Hasselt
    • 2
  1. 1.Western Psychiatric Institute and ClinicPittsburghUSA
  2. 2.Department of Psychiatry and Human BehaviorUniversity of CaliforniaIrvine, OrangeUSA

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