Applications of Affinity Binding to the Development of Heparin Removing and Sensing Devices
Affinity binding between a specific ligand and a receptor has been widely used in the development of immunoassays, purification of biological materials, and fabrication of biosensors. Because of the high specificity in the interaction between a receptor (e. g., antibody, binding protein, etc.) and its ligand, a sensing or purifying system thus developed would normally possess unique selectivity. In this chapter, we will discuss the applications of the affinity approach to the development of a heparin removal system and two heparin sensing devices (one is a disposable paper strip, and the other is a probe-type heparin electrode). These systems are established utilizing the specific binding of heparin either with its clinical antagonist (i. e., protamine) or with a strong heparin-complexing reagent, tridodecylmethylammonium chloride (TDMAC). These devices should be of significant value because they can improve the safety of current extracorporeal blood circulation (ECBC) procedures or provide a safeguard to heparin therapy.
KeywordsHollow Fiber Paper Strip Protamine Sulfate Cyanate Ester Mixed Venous Oxygen Saturation
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