Applications of Affinity Binding to the Development of Heparin Removing and Sensing Devices

  • Shu-Ching Ma
  • Victor C. Yang

Abstract

Affinity binding between a specific ligand and a receptor has been widely used in the development of immunoassays, purification of biological materials, and fabrication of biosensors. Because of the high specificity in the interaction between a receptor (e. g., antibody, binding protein, etc.) and its ligand, a sensing or purifying system thus developed would normally possess unique selectivity. In this chapter, we will discuss the applications of the affinity approach to the development of a heparin removal system and two heparin sensing devices (one is a disposable paper strip, and the other is a probe-type heparin electrode). These systems are established utilizing the specific binding of heparin either with its clinical antagonist (i. e., protamine) or with a strong heparin-complexing reagent, tridodecylmethylammonium chloride (TDMAC). These devices should be of significant value because they can improve the safety of current extracorporeal blood circulation (ECBC) procedures or provide a safeguard to heparin therapy.

Keywords

Cellulose Migration Catheter Citrate Epoxy 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shu-Ching Ma
    • 1
  • Victor C. Yang
    • 1
  1. 1.College of PharmacyThe University of MichiganAnn ArborUSA

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