Substations and switching stations
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The main difference between the power system networks discussed in Chapters 7–9 and substations and switching stations is that the latter systems comprise switching arrangements that are generally more complex. For this reason, several papers [1–3] have specifically considered techniques that are suitable for evaluating the reliability of such systems. It is recognized, however, that the reliability techniques described in Chapters 7–9 for power system networks are equally applicable to substations and switching stations (subsequently referred to only as substations). The reason for discussing substations as a separate topic is that the effect of switching is much more significant and the need for accurate models is greater.
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- 2.Grover, M. S., Billinton, R., ‘Substation and switching station reliability evaluation’, CEA Trans., 13 (pt 3), (1974), paper 74-SP-153.Google Scholar
- 3.Albrecht, P. F., ‘Reliability evaluation of substation bus arrangements’, CEA Trans., 13 (pt 3), (1974), paper 74-SP-152.Google Scholar
- 6.Allan, R. N., Billinton, R., DeOliveira, M. F., ‘Reliability evaluation of electrical systems with switching actions’, Proc. IEE, 123 (1976), pp. 325 – 30.Google Scholar
- 7.Allan, R. N., DeOliveira, M. F., ‘Reliability modelling and evaluation transmission and distribution systems’, Proc. IEE, 124 (1977), pp. 534–41.Google Scholar