Science is not a vehicle for taking us to heaven but it should include precautions against going to hell. Without self-conscious awareness of moral goals and self-conscious integration of moral and empirical knowledge, we can only solve practical tasks but cannot guide science to goals that we can define as just and humane. Separation of ethics from empirical science has been promoted as a policy aimed at increasing the freedom of science, when it actually diminishes it. A science which professes moral principles but which is really morally unemployed has the worst of both worlds.
KeywordsMental Model Moral Judgment Moral Responsibility Moral Statement Ethical Theory
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