Neuroscience pivots on the answers to four connected questions: What are the relations between physical events in the brain and the mental events underlying perception, volition, memory, and consciousness? Those relations may be of three kinds: either identity, or correlation, or causal connection. Reductionism is a methodology for showing those relations. Reductionism is concerned with order, i.e., with information about relations, and not only with matter and energy. In addition to showing identities, and correlations, which are noncausal, reductionism aims at understanding causalities in terms of connecting, organizing, controlling, and stabilizing mechanisms or forces necessary for the functional relationships of parts to be maintained in the organized whole.
Emergent Property Mental Event Causal Connection Brain State Neural State
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