Quasicrystalline Materials

  • Zbigniew M. Stadnik
Chapter
Part of the Modern Inorganic Chemistry book series (MICE, volume 2)

Abstract

The discovery of an icosahedral Al-Mn alloy by Shechtman et al.1 extended the dichotomous division of solids into either crystalline or amorphous by introducing the notion of quasiperiodic crystals, or quasicrystals. This new form of matter possesses long-range quasiperiodic order and long-range orientational order associated with the classically forbidden fivefold (icosahedral), eightfold (octagonal), tenfold (decagonal), and twelvefold (dodecagonal) symmetry axes.2–4 A central problem in condensed matter physics is to determine whether quasiperiodicity leads to physical properties which are significantly different from those of crystalline and amorphous materials. The majority of known quasicrystals are either icosahedral (i-) or decagonal ( d -) alloys. A few known octagonal and dodecagonal alloys cannot be produced in sufficient quantities to allow studies of their physical properties.

Keywords

Zinc Depression Petroleum Cobalt Manganese 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zbigniew M. Stadnik
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsUniversity of OttawaOttawaCanada

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