Treeline in Relation to Climate, with Special Reference to Oceanic Areas

  • Sakari Tuhkanen
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 244)


Treeline is a very traditional, still fascinating, phytogeographical complex of problems. One of the problems is the climatic characterization of treeline. Proposals have appeared in the scientific literature for more than a hundred years concerning the climatic indicators that best denote the location of treeline. Often, however, insufficient emphasis is placed on the difficulties of delineating treeline. Difficulties include the indefiniteness of the concept of treeline, its highly variable nature both physiognomically and taxonomically, and the sparseness of representative climatological records from treeline environments. Some authors stress the diversity of treeline; others consider it to be almost ecologically equivalent world wide.


Boreal Zone Faeroe Island Mountain Birch Climatic Indicator Forest Tundra 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sakari Tuhkanen
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeographyUniversity of TurkuTurkuFinland

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