The Quantification of Knowledge in Education: On Resistance toward Qualitative Evaluation and Research

  • Steinar Kvale


The Pythagoreans insisted that everything is numbers. Modern education involves a related assumption: evaluation of pupils’ learning and educational research findings must be expressed in numbers—as grades and statistics—in order to be considered really real.


Educational Research Quantitative Method Qualitative Method Grade Point Average Social Reality 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Steinar Kvale
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of PsychologyUniversity of AarhusAarhusDenmark

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