Panic Disorder

  • E. Steven DummitIII
  • Rachel G. Klein
Part of the Issues in Clinical Child Psychology book series (ICCP)

Abstract

While pathological anxiety states have been described in the scientific and popular literature for centuries, panic disorder as a distinct syndrome has only recently been characterized and studied. DaCosta’s syndrome, or “irritable heart” due to anxiety rather than a physical abnormality, was described in soldiers shortly after the American Civil War [DaCosta, 1871 (as quoted in Kaplan & Sadock, 1985, p. 883)]. Cardiac neurosis, effort syndrome, nervous exhaustion, nervous tachycardia, soldier’s heart, neurocirculatory asthenia, vasomotor neurosis, hyperventilation syndrome, and anxiety neurosis are other names the disorder may have masqueraded under through the years. Panic disorder was first formally recognized in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 3rd edition (DSM-III), of the American Psychiatric Association (APA, 1980), based on the work of D. F. Klein (1964).

Keywords

Placebo Lactate Cortisol Schizophrenia Caffeine 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Steven DummitIII
    • 1
  • Rachel G. Klein
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Physicians and SurgeonsColumbia University and New York State Psychiatric InstituteNew YorkUSA

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