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Panic Disorder

  • Michelle G. Craske
  • Sachin V. Waikar

Abstract

Panic attacks are discrete episodes of intense fear or dread, accompanied by a cluster of physical and cognitive symptoms; these include heart palpitations, dizziness, chest discomfort, paresthesias, depersonalization, and fears of loss of control and death (DSM-III-R, American Psychiatric Association, 1987). Rather than gradually mounting anxious arousal, panic attacks are characterized by suddenness or abruptness of onset. Sometimes the episodes occur unexpectedly, and although the concept of “unexpectedness” is somewhat elusive in the diagnostic criteria, it refers to occurrences of panic in situations or at times that were not expected. Panic attacks evolve into panic disorder when they occur at least four times within 4 weeks, or the individual is pervasively apprehensive about their recurrence, or both.

Keywords

Anxiety Disorder Personality Disorder Panic Disorder Anxiety Sensitivity Panic Attack 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michelle G. Craske
    • 1
  • Sachin V. Waikar
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of California, Los AngelesLos AngelesUSA

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