The Cumulative Deformation, Work-Hardening and Fracture of Magnesium Oxide at Room Temperature, Under Repeated Point Loading Conditions

  • C. A. Brookes
  • E. J. Brookes
  • L. Y. Zhang


In earlier work1, it was established that repeated traversais increase the density of defects in the dislocated volume in magnesium oxide beneath a softer lubricated metal slider, thus increasing the number of operating slip systems and giving rise to significant work-hardening. Further stress cycles ultimately lead to the formation of cracks and cause fragmentation. The number of stress cycles (N) required to cause this kind of fatigue fracture was found to be inversely related to the hardness of the slider. Furthermore, a plot of slider hardness:number of traversais resembled a conventional fatigue plot and indicated that the surface would not fail when deformed by softer materials below a certain limiting value of hardness. Further work2 showed that the contact pressure transmitted to the crystal was directly related to the flow stress of the impressor and therefore dependent on the material used. When the contact pressure exceeds the critical resolved shear stress within the crystal, dislocations move and multiply in the harder solid. Thus, the flow stress of the softest material to achieve this effect may be used to estimate the critical resolved shear stress of the hard crystal.


Contact Pressure Slip Plane Resolve Shear Stress Critical Resolve Shear Stress Titanium Diboride 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    C. A. Brookes, M. P. Shaw and P. E. Tanner, Non-metallic crystals undergoing cumulative work-hardening and wear due to softer lubricated metal sliding surfaces, Proc. R. Soc. Lond., A409:141 (1987).ADSGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    M. P. Shaw and C. A. Brookes, Dislocations produced in magnesium oxide crystals due to contact pressures developed by softer cones, J. Mater. Sci., 24:2727 (1989).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    C. A. Brookes and P. Green, Deformation of magnesium oxide crystals by softer indenters and sliders, Nature Lond., 246:119 (1972).ADSGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    C. A. Brookes and M. P. Shaw, Cumulative deformation of magnesium oxide crystals by softer sliders, Nature, Lond., 263:760 (1976).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    G. W. Groves and A. Kelly, The dislocation distribution in plastically deformed magnesium oxide, Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond., A275:233 (1963).ADSGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    C. A. Brookes, E. J. Brookes and G. Xing, The use of the soft indenter technique to investigate impression creep in ceramic crystals. “Mechanics of Creep Brittle Materials 2”, A. C. F. Cocks and A. R. S. Ponter, eds., Elsevier, London, (1991)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    E. J. Brookes, “The Plasticity of Diamond”, PhD Dissertation, University of Hull (1992)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    R. Stokes, T. C. Johnston and C. H. Li, Crack formation in magnesium oxide single crystals, Phil. Mag., 3:718 (1958).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    A. D. Keh, J. C. M. Li and Y. T. Chou, Cracks due to the piling up of dislocations on two intersecting slip planes in MgO crystals, Acta Metall., 7:694 (1959).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    M. O. Guillou, J. L. Henshall and R. M. Hooper, Indentation cyclic fatigue of single crystal magnesium oxide, J. Am. Cer. Soc., 76:1832 (1993).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    E. Field, Strength and fracture, in: “Properties of Diamond,” J. E. Field, ed., Academic Press, London (1979).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. A. Brookes
    • 1
  • E. J. Brookes
    • 1
  • L. Y. Zhang
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Engineering Design and ManufactureUniversity of HullHull, North HumbersideUK

Personalised recommendations