IPM of Western Flower Thrips

  • Karen L. Robb
  • Michael P. Parrella
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 276)


Several management strategies have been developed for control of WFT based on the biology and behavior of the pest. The following IPM strategies are described for control of WFT: physical exclusion and screening considerations; cultural controls such as weed control around greenhouses, avoidance of continuous cropping, and disposal of plant residues; monitoring; and chemical control.


Plant Residue Insecticide Resistance Pesticide Application Tomato Spot Wilt Virus Western Flower Thrips 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References Cited

  1. Bailey, S. F. 1933. A contribution to the knowledge of the western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalism J. Econ. Entomol. 26: 836–863.Google Scholar
  2. Bryan, D. E. & R. F. Smith. 1956. The Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) complex in California (Thysanoptera: Thripidae). Univ. Calif. Publs. Entomol. 10: 359–410.Google Scholar
  3. Bradsgaard, H. F. 1989. Coloured sticky traps for Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) in glasshouses. J. Appl. Entomol. 107: 136–140.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. German, T. L., D. E. Ulman & J. W. Moyer. 1992. Tospoviruses: diagnosis, molecular biology, phylogeny, and vector relationships. Annu. Rev. Phytopathol. 30: 315–348.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Immaraju, J. A., T. D. Paine, J. A. Bethke, K. L. Robb & J. P. Newman. 1992. Western flower thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) resistance to insecticides in coastal California greenhouses. J. Econ. Entomol. 85: 9–14.Google Scholar
  6. Jones, V. P. & M. P. Parrella. 1986. The movement and dispersal of Liriomyza trifolii (Diptera: Agromyzidae) in a chrysanthemum greenhouse. Ann. Appl. Biol. 109: 33–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Mears, D. R. 1991. Screen out bugs... without knocking out your ventilation system. Greenhouse Grower Nov.: 52-58.Google Scholar
  8. Neal, K. 1992. Screen pests out, reduce chemical use. Greenhouse Manager Apr. 1992.Google Scholar
  9. Roach, S. H. & J. A. Agee. 1972. Trap colors: preference of alate aphids. Environ. Entomol. 1: 797–798.Google Scholar
  10. Robb, K. L. 1989. Analysis of Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) as a pest of floriculture crops in California greenhouses. Ph.D. dissertation, Univ. Calif., Riverside, CA. 135 pp.Google Scholar
  11. Robb, K. L. & M. P. Parrella. 1988. Chemical and non-cherrucal control of western flower thrips, pp. 94-103. In A. D. Ali, J. Hall & M. P. Parrella [eds.J, Proc. 4th Con. on Insect and Disease Management on Ornamentals, Kansas City, MO.Google Scholar
  12. Roberts, W. J. 1992. Screening for insect control in greenhouses. Center for Controlled Environment Agriculture Publication, June 15, 1992.Google Scholar
  13. Sakimura, K. 1962a. Frankliniella occidentalis (Thysanoptera: Thripidae), a vector of the tomato spotted wilt virus with special reference to the color forms. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 55: 387–389.Google Scholar
  14. Sakimura, K. 1962b. The present status of thrips-borne viruses, pp. 33-40. In K. Moramorasch [ed.], Biological transmission of disease agents, Academic Press, New York. 192 pp.Google Scholar
  15. Sether, D. M. & J. D. DeAngelis. 1992. Tomato spotted wilt virus host list and bibliography. Special report 888, AES Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR. 16 pp.Google Scholar
  16. Watson, J. R. 1923. Synopsis and catalog of the Thysanoptera of north America. Fla. Agric. Exp. Stn. Bull. 168: 1–100.Google Scholar
  17. Yudin, L. S., W. C. Mitchell & J. J. Cho. 1987. Color preference of thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) with reference to aphids (Homoptera: Aphididae) and leafminers in Hawaiian lettuce farms. J. Econ. Entomol. 80: 51–55.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karen L. Robb
    • 1
  • Michael P. Parrella
    • 2
  1. 1.University of California Cooperative ExtensionSan DiegoUSA
  2. 2.Department of EntomologyUniversity of CaliforniaDavisUSA

Personalised recommendations