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Overcoming a Lack of Self-Assurance in an Achievement Domain

Creating Agency in Daily Life

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Part of the The Springer Series in Social Clinical Psychology book series (SSSC)

Abstract

Murray (1938) suggested that the study of personality can be enriched by an understanding of individuals’ goal-directed behavior and their views of the world in relation to their important goals. Current cognitive perspectives in personality have in part taken up this agenda by considering the behavior of individuals as they work toward advancing their important life tasks, in light of knowledge about themselves, about others, and about the task at hand (Cantor, 1990). Knowledge about the self in general—for example, one’s attributes and interests—informs individuals’ selection of which tasks to pursue (Markus, 1983). Self-views of competence at a task determine how individuals are going to work toward making progress on those tasks and how they respond to task-relevant challenges (Bandura, 1982; Niedenthal, Setterlund, & Wherry, 1992). This interaction of self-knowledge and life-task pursuit is not unidirectional, because task-relevant behavior may in turn generate knowledge that is assimilated into existing self-concepts, and this dynamic relationship sometimes affords self-concept change (Bandura, 1982; Bern, 1972).

Keywords

  • Strategic Behavior
  • Focus Individual
  • Social Pursuit
  • Task Pursuit
  • Life Task

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Harlow, R.E., Cantor, N. (1995). Overcoming a Lack of Self-Assurance in an Achievement Domain. In: Kernis, M.H. (eds) Efficacy, Agency, and Self-Esteem. The Springer Series in Social Clinical Psychology. Springer, Boston, MA. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4899-1280-0_9

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