Efficacy, Agency, and Self-Esteem

Emerging Themes and Future Directions
  • Michael H. Kernis
Part of the The Springer Series in Social Clinical Psychology book series (SSSC)


A perusal of the self-esteem literature will reveal an abundance of research that focuses on the differences between low and high self-esteem individuals with respect to their perceptions of and reactions to positive and negative events. Questions that have received considerable attention over the years include these: Do high self-esteem persons self-enhance in response to positive events and self-protect in response to threatening events more than do low self-esteem persons? Are there self-esteem differences in the tendency to seek out positive vs. negative self-relevant information or to embrace positive or negative self-aspects? Such questions are important and deserving of the attention that they have received. Unfortunately, however, the emphasis on them has left some gaps in our understanding of self-esteem processes. It is hoped that the diversity of issues addressed in this volume will foster an expansion of the types of questions focused on by people who are interested in self-esteem. Though time will tell how successful this endeavor has been, my experience editing this book has convinced me more than ever that such expansion is both necessary and viable.


Emerge Theme Entity Theorist Life Task Terror Management Theory Evaluatively Integrate 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael H. Kernis
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Psychology and Institute for Behavioral ResearchUniversity of GeorgiaAthensUSA

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